DEF 14A

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

SCHEDULE 14A

Proxy Statement Pursuant to Section 14(a) of

the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Filed by the Registrant R

Filed by a Party other than the Registrant 

Check the appropriate box:

Preliminary Proxy Statement

Confidential, for Use of the Commission Only (as permitted by Rule 14a-6(e)(2))

R Definitive Proxy Statement

Definitive Additional Materials

Soliciting Material Under §240.14a-12

 

LOGO

NuVasive, Inc.

 

 

(Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)

 

 

(Name of Person(s) Filing Proxy Statement, if other than the Registrant)

Payment of Filing Fee (Check the appropriate box):

 

R

No fee required.

 

Fee computed on table below per Exchange Act Rules 14a-6(i)(4) and 0-11.

 

  1)

Title of each class of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

 

  2)

Aggregate number of securities to which transaction applies:

 

 

 

  3)

Per unit price or other underlying value of transaction computed pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 0-11 (set forth the amount on which the filing fee is calculated and state how it was determined):

 

 

 

  4)

Proposed maximum aggregate value of transaction:

 

 

 

  5)

Total fee paid:

 

 

 

Fee paid previously with preliminary materials.

 

Check box if any part of the fee is offset as provided by Exchange Act Rule 0-11(a)(2) and identify the filing for which the offsetting fee was paid previously. Identify the previous filing by registration statement number, or the Form or Schedule and the date of its filing.

 

  1)

Amount Previously Paid:

 

 

 

  2)

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  3)

Filing Party:

 

 

 

  4)

Date Filed:

 

 


LOGO


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

NuVasive

at a Glance

          

NuVasive, Inc. is a global medical technology company focused on developing, manufacturing, selling and providing procedural solutions for spine surgery, with a guiding purpose to transform surgery, advance care and change lives. We offer a comprehensive portfolio of procedurally integrated spine surgery solutions, including surgical access instruments, spinal implants, fixation systems, biologics, and enabling technologies, as well as systems and services for intraoperative neuromonitoring. In addition, we develop and sell magnetically adjustable implant systems for spine and specialized orthopedic procedures.

 

       

 

LOGO

 

~2,700 global workforce

 

 

 

LOGO

 

50+ international markets

LOGO

  Leader in less-invasive
spine surgery
 

LOGO

  15+ years of industry-leading experience in enabling technologies

Since our incorporation in 1997, we have grown from a small developer of specialty spinal implants into a leading medical technology company delivering procedurally integrated solutions for spine surgery. A key driver of our growth has been our focus on innovative products and technologies that drive reproducible outcomes for patients, surgeons and providers.

 

 

 

2020 Accomplishments and Achievements

 

 

 

LOGO

COVID-19 safety and wellbeing

 

 

 

COVID-19 Response:

 

During 2020, the safety and wellbeing of our employees was a key priority. We invested in the safety of our people by implementing rigorous COVID-19 health and safety protocols, distributing personal protective equipment to ensure those working in clinical and operational settings were protected, deploying health and wellness training, and offering remote work options where possible. We showed our commitment to our patients, surgeons and hospitals by navigating numerous challenges to support surgical procedures. While COVID-19 resulted in lower surgery volumes and deferred elective procedures, we took steps to preserve and strengthen our business by raising additional capital and building up our cash reserves, controlling expenses, improving our operations, and investing in research and development (R&D) to further our progress in support of our long-term strategy.

 

LOGO

Net sales of $1.051 billion

 

Financial Results and Solid Foundation for Growth:

 

Despite the considerable challenges we faced related to COVID-19, we delivered global net sales of $1.051 billion in 2020, comprised of U.S. net sales of $821.8 million and International net sales (which excludes Puerto Rico) of $228.8 million. We also took steps to control expenses and improve cash flows, and we drove non-GAAP operating margin* of 11.1%. In addition, we raised additional capital to solidify our financial foundation and to fund our long-term growth.

 

 

LOGO

15 products launched

 

 

R&D Investment and New Product Launches:

 

As innovation is a key pillar to our leadership in spine, we maintained our level of R&D investment during COVID-19, and we launched 15 new products in 2020. We have continued to focus on developing innovative and enabling technologies to drive increased adoption of less-invasive surgery and improve clinical, financial and operational outcomes.

 

 

LOGO

Clinical education

 

Enhanced Clinical Education and Training:

 

In 2020, our Clinical Professional Development team launched a new campaign to equip surgeons and hospitals with resources to support the adoption of less-invasive surgical techniques. With in-person training impacted by COVID-19, we developed virtual labs and created a Virtual Spine Conference series to enhance remote surgeon education and provide clinical insights.

* A reconciliation of certain non-GAAP financial measures is provided in the Appendix.

 


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Notice of 2021

Annual Meeting of

Stockholders

          

 

2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders    Items of
Business

LOGO

 

Date:

May 18, 2021

  

Proposal 1—Election of Directors: To elect four “Class II” Directors to hold office until the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and until their successors are elected and qualified;

LOGO

 

Time:

8:00 AM Pacific

  

Proposal 2—Ratification of Independent Auditor: To ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021;

LOGO

 

Place:

The meeting will be held virtually at: www.proxydocs.com /NUVA

  

Proposal 3—Annual “Say-on-Pay” Vote: To hold a non-binding advisory vote on the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020; and

 

To transact such other business as may properly come before the meeting or any adjournments or postponements thereof.

 

 

Due to the public health and travel safety concerns relating to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Annual Meeting will be held in a virtual meeting format only. You will not be able to attend the Annual Meeting in-person. The accompanying proxy materials include instructions on how to participate in the meeting and how you may vote your shares.

 

Our Board of Directors recommends a vote “FOR” each of the Director nominees and “FOR” Proposals 2 and 3. Only stockholders of record at the close of business on March 29, 2021, the Record Date, will be entitled to notice of, and to vote at, the 2021 Annual Meeting. For ten days prior to the Annual Meeting, a complete list of the stockholders of record on March 29, 2021, will be available at our corporate headquarters, located at 7475 Lusk Boulevard, San Diego, CA 92121, for examination during ordinary business hours by any stockholder for any purpose relating to the Annual Meeting.

Your vote is important. Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting virtually via the Internet, we encourage you to vote your shares. You can vote your shares via the Internet, telephone or mail, and instructions regarding all three methods of voting are provided on the proxy card. If you hold shares through an account with a brokerage firm, bank or other nominee, please follow the instructions you receive from such firm, bank or other nominee to vote your shares.

By order of the Board of Directors

 

LOGO

J. Christopher Barry, Chief Executive Officer

San Diego, California, on April 6, 2021

 


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Solicitation

of Proxies for

Annual Meeting of

Stockholders

          

This proxy statement (this “Proxy Statement”) and the accompanying proxy are furnished in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Board of Directors (the “Board”) of NuVasive, Inc. (the “Company” or “NuVasive”) for use at the Company’s 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”), and any adjournments or postponements thereof, for the purposes described in the Notice of 2021 Annual Meeting of Stockholders.

The Annual Meeting will be held virtually on May 18, 2021 at 8:00 AM Pacific. You will be able to attend the Annual Meeting virtually via the Internet and vote and submit questions by visiting www.proxydocs.com/NUVA. The Board of Directors has made proxy materials available on the Internet, and, upon your request, has delivered printed proxy materials to you, in connection with the solicitation of proxies by the Board for use at the Annual Meeting. The Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting was filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission on April 6, 2021, which is also the approximate date on which the Proxy Statement and the accompanying proxy were first sent or made available to stockholders.

 

 

IMPORTANT NOTICE REGARDING THE INTERNET AVAILABILITY

OF PROXY MATERIALS FOR THE NUVASIVE, INC.

2021 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS

The NuVasive, Inc. Proxy Statement and Annual Report

for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 are available electronically

at www.proxydocs.com/NUVA

 

Your vote is important

ALL STOCKHOLDERS OF RECORD AT THE CLOSE OF BUSINESS ON MARCH 29, 2021 ARE INVITED TO ATTEND AND VOTE THEIR SHARES AT THE NUVASIVE, INC. 2021 ANNUAL MEETING OF STOCKHOLDERS

Whether or not you plan to attend the Annual Meeting virtually via the Internet, we encourage you to read the accompanying Proxy Statement and submit your proxy or voting instructions as soon as possible to vote your shares.

VOTE BY INTERNET, TELEPHONE, MAIL, OR AT THE ANNUAL MEETING

 

LOGO

  

LOGO

   LOGO    LOGO

For specific instructions on how to vote your shares, please refer to the instructions on the Notice of Internet Availability of Proxy Materials you received in the mail, the question “How do I Vote my Shares?” in the accompanying Proxy Statement, or, if you requested printed proxy materials by mail, your enclosed proxy card. This will ensure the presence of a quorum at the Annual Meeting. If you attend the Annual Meeting, you may vote via the Internet during the meeting if you wish to do so, even if you have previously submitted your proxy or voting instructions.

 

 

 


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Proxy Statement

Table of Contents

          

 

i    PROXY STATEMENT SUMMARY
1    PROPOSAL 1ELECTION OF DIRECTORS
2    BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION
2   

Board of Directors Overview

3   

Our Board of Directors

4   

Directors Standing for Election at the Annual Meeting

8   

Directors Continuing in Office

14    DIRECTOR IDENTIFICATION, SELECTION AND EVALUATION
14   

Identification and Evaluation of Director Nominees

15   

Consideration of Director Experience, Skills and Diversity

15   

Director Independence

16   

Stockholder Recommendations for Director Nominees

16   

Consideration of Board Service and “Over-Boarding”

17   

Evaluation of Board Effectiveness

19    BOARD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY
19   

Corporate Governance Guidelines

20   

Code of Conduct

20   

Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability

21   

Response to COVID-19

23    BOARD LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE
23   

Board Leadership Structure

24   

Executive Sessions of Independent Directors

24   

Role of Board in Risk Oversight Process

24   

Role of Board in CEO Succession Planning

25   

Board and Committee Membership and Structure

26   

Communications with the Board of Directors

27    EXECUTIVE OFFICERS
30    SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT
32    CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS
32   

Related-Person Transactions Policy

32   

Certain Related-Person Transactions

33    PROPOSAL 2—RATIFICATION OF INDEPENDENT AUDITOR
34    AUDIT FEES AND AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT
34   

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

34   

Audit Committee Report

36    PROPOSAL 3—ADVISORY EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION “SAY-ON-PAY” VOTE
37    COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
37   

Executive Summary

41   

Executive Compensation Philosophy and Objectives

42   

Primary Elements of the Company’s Executive Compensation Program

42   

Process for Determining Named Executive Officer Compensation

44   

Determining Executive Compensation for 2020

48   

Vesting and Payout of 2018 Performance-Based Long-Term Incentive Awards

49   

Responsible Share Usage

49   

Other Elements of the Executive Compensation Program

51   

Employment Letters and Consulting Agreements

53   

Executive Severance Plan

54   

Change in Control Arrangements

55   

Effect of Tax and Accounting Considerations on Compensation Design

55   

Compensation Committee Report

55   

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

56    EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION
56   

Summary Compensation Table

57   

CEO Pay Ratio

58   

Grants of Plan-Based Awards

60   

Outstanding Equity Awards

61   

Option Exercises and Stock Vested

61   

Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control

66    DIRECTOR COMPENSATION
66   

Director Compensation Overview

68   

Director Summary Compensation Table

70    INFORMATION ABOUT THE ANNUAL MEETING, VOTING AND PROXY MATERIALS
76    OTHER INFORMATION
76   

Stockholders Sharing the Same Address

76   

Stockholder Proposals for 2022 Annual Meeting

77   

Advance Notice Proposals for 2022 Annual Meeting

77   

Transaction of Other Business

78    APPENDIX – Reconciliations of Non-GAAP Financial Measures
 

 

NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  TABLE OF CONTENTS


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Proxy Statement

Summary

          

The following summary information is provided to assist you in reviewing the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting. It does not contain all of the information that you should consider, and you should read the entire Proxy Statement carefully before voting.

 

 

Annual Meeting Highlights

 

    

LOGO

 

  

Date and Time:

May 18, 2021

8:00 AM Pacific

   LOGO   Place: The meeting will be held virtually via the Internet at: www.proxydocs.com/NUVA  
    

Record Date: March 29, 2021

 

 

Proposals and Voting Recommendations

 

Proposal 1—Election of Directors: To elect four “Class II” Directors to hold office until the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders and until their successors are elected and qualified (see page 1)

 

 

The Board recommends
a vote “FOR”
each Director Nominee

 

 

Proposal 2—Ratification of Independent Auditor: To ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021 (see page 33)

 

 

 

The Board recommends
a vote “FOR”
Proposal 2

 

Proposal 3—Annual “Say-on-Pay” Vote: To hold a non-binding advisory vote on the compensation of the Company’s named executive officers for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 (see page 36)

 

 

The Board recommends
a vote “FOR”
Proposal 3

 

 

Director
Name
   
Member
Since

 
    Director Background/Skills     Current Committee
Service
 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

Finance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

Innovation

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

Global

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vickie L.
Capps

(Independent)

 

 

 

 

June
2015

 


 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

   

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

Audit: Chair and “financial expert”

Nominating, Corporate Gov. and Compliance: Member

 

John A. DeFord, Ph.D.

(Independent)

 

 

 

 

February
2018

 


 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

   

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

Nominating, Corporate Gov. and Compliance: Member

 

R. Scott Huennekens

(Independent)

 

 

 

 

October
2018

 


 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

   

 

Audit: Member

 

Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D.

(Independent)

 

 

 

 

February
2021

 


 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

   

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

 

 

LOGO

 

 

 

 

Compensation: Member

                                                     

 

i    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  PROXY STATEMENT SUMMARY


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Proxy Statement

Summary (continued)

          

The following summary information is provided to assist you in reviewing the Proxy Statement for the Annual Meeting. It does not contain all of the information that you should consider, and you should read the entire Proxy Statement carefully before voting.

 

 

Compensation and Governance Highlights

 

LOGO   

 

At the 2020 Annual Meeting, NuVasive stockholders

voted 94% in favor of our “say-on-pay” proposal

 

 

NuVasive took a number of steps in 2020 to navigate the challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. In response to the pandemic, we implemented expense control measures, and our executive officers and Directors voluntarily agreed to temporary reductions in compensation. In addition, we funded the 2020 annual bonus plan below target and did not make modifications to any long-term incentives.

 

 

Compensation Practices and Policies (see page 49)

   LOGO

  

Clawback policy for incentive compensation, if material restatement

  

LOGO

  

Independent compensation consultant engaged by Compensation Committee

   LOGO

  

No tax gross-ups for payments upon a change-in-control

  

LOGO

  

Compensation risk assessment conducted annually

   LOGO

  

Stock Ownership Guidelines for Directors and senior management

  

LOGO

  

Hedging transactions prohibited under the Company’s Insider Trading Policy

 

Corporate Governance Practices and Policies (see page 19)    

 

Eight of the Company’s ten Board members are independent (80%).

Our Directors exhibit an effective mix of skills, experience, diversity and perspectives.

 

            

 

 

LOGO

 

Healthcare

 

 

LOGO

 

Leadership

 

 

LOGO

 

Finance

 

 

LOGO

 

Innovation

 

 

LOGO

 

Global

 

 

LOGO

 

Law

 

 

LOGO

 

Government

 

 

LOGO

 

Hospital

 

            

 

 

    

Average Director Tenure

4.4 YEARS

  

Average Director Age

58.8 YEARS

  

Board Diversity

30%

   LOGO

     Our Board structure provides for a Lead Independent Director  

   LOGO

     Our Chief Executive Officer does not serve as our Board Chair

   LOGO

 

     Our independent Directors meet frequently in executive session  

   LOGO

     Our Board service is limited by our retirement age policy (Directors may not stand for election after age 72)

   LOGO

     Our Board and Committees engage in annual self-evaluations  

   LOGO

     We have majority voting for uncontested Director elections

 

ii    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  PROXY STATEMENT SUMMARY


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Proposal 1 —

Election of

Directors

          

At the Annual Meeting, we are asking our stockholders to elect four individuals nominated for re-election to our Board. Our Board is divided into three classes, and our “Class II” Directors are subject to election at the Annual Meeting for a three-year term. Our current Class II Directors are Vickie L. Capps, John A. DeFord, Ph.D., R. Scott Huennekens, and Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D., and each has been nominated for re-election to the Board, as discussed further below.

 

LOGO

 

 

 

OUR BOARD RECOMMENDS YOU VOTE “FOR” EACH OF
VICKIE L. CAPPS, JOHN A. DEFORD, R. SCOTT

HUENNEKENS AND SIDDHARTHA C. KADIA TO SERVE AS

A CLASS II DIRECTOR

Our Board, upon the recommendation of our Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee (the “Nominating Committee”), nominated each of Ms. Capps, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia for re-election as Class II Directors at the Annual Meeting. Information regarding Ms. Capps, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia, including the qualifications, attributes and skills that led our Board to nominate each as a Director, can be found below under “Board Members and Nominees for Election.”

Ms. Capps, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia have each indicated that they are willing and able to serve as Directors. If any of the Board’s nominees for Director declines to serve or becomes unavailable for any reason, or in the event of a Board vacancy, the Nominating Committee may seek out other potential Director candidates, and one or more of such candidates may be elected as a Director in accordance with the Company’s organizational documents. If Ms. Capps, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia are elected at the Annual Meeting, each will serve as a Class II Director for a three-year term until the 2024 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, or his or her earlier resignation or removal, and in each case until their respective successors are duly elected and qualified.

As each of the nominees for Director is an incumbent Director, if a nominee fails to receive “FOR” votes representing a majority of votes cast, the Director shall promptly tender his or her resignation to the Board, subject to acceptance by the Board. The Nominating Committee of the Board would then be charged with making a recommendation to the Board as to whether to accept or reject the tendered resignation, or whether other action should be taken. The Board will act on the tendered resignation, taking into account the recommendation of the Nominating Committee, and publicly disclose its decision regarding the tendered resignation and the rationale behind the decision. If the Board determines not to accept the resignation of the incumbent Director, the incumbent Director will continue to serve until his or her successor is duly elected, or his or her earlier resignation or removal.

Vote Required and Board Recommendation

Directors are elected by a majority of the votes cast at the Annual Meeting. A majority of votes cast means that the number of shares voted “FOR” a nominee exceeds the number of votes cast “AGAINST” that nominee. Votes to “ABSTAIN” and broker non-votes are not counted as votes cast with respect to that Director and will have no direct effect on the outcome of the election of Directors.

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS THAT STOCKHOLDERS VOTE “FOR

THE ELECTION OF EACH OF VICKIE L. CAPPS, JOHN A. DEFORD, R. SCOTT

HUENNEKENS, AND SIDDHARTHA C. KADIA AS A “CLASS II” DIRECTOR.

 

1    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  PROPOSAL 1 — ELECTION OF DIRECTORS


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Board Members

and Nominees

for Election

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss the composition of our Board of Directors, the Directors standing for election at the Annual Meeting, and Directors not standing for election at the Annual Meeting and continuing in office.

Board of Directors Overview

As we continue to focus on developing innovative and enabling technologies to drive increased adoption of less-invasive surgery and improve clinical, financial and operational outcomes, we rely on our talented and experienced Board to provide leadership, guidance and oversight. Our Board is comprised of individuals with a strong background in executive leadership and management, accounting and finance, and Company and industry knowledge. We believe that the diversity of our Directors’ backgrounds and experiences results in different perspectives, ideas, and viewpoints, which make our Board more effective in carrying out its duties. We believe that our Directors hold themselves to the highest standards of integrity and that they are committed to representing the long-term interests of our stockholders.

 

       

INDEPENDENCE

80% INDEPENDENT

  

AVERAGE TENURE

4.4 YEARS

  

AVERAGE AGE

58.8 YEARS

  

DIVERSITY

30%

Eight of the Company’s ten Board members are independent (80%).

Our Directors exhibit an effective mix of skills, experience, diversity and perspectives.

    

 

LOGO

 

Healthcare

  

 

LOGO

 

Leadership

  

 

LOGO

 

Finance

  

 

LOGO

 

Innovation

  

 

LOGO

 

Global

  

 

LOGO

 

Law

  

 

LOGO

 

Government

  

 

LOGO

 

Hospital

    

LOGO

   Nine have significant healthcare industry experience   

LOGO

   Eight have leadership experience as public company executives

LOGO

   Three have accounting and finance experience as prior Chief Financial Officers   

LOGO

   Four have significant product development and innovation experience

LOGO

   Eight have significant international business experience   

LOGO

   Two are lawyers with compliance and risk management experience

LOGO

   One has prior government leadership experience (Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services)   

LOGO

 

   One has prior hospital system leadership experience (Memorial Hermann)
      

In March 2021, we announced that Gregory T. Lucier, who has served as a Director since 2013, informed the Company that he will be retiring from the Board effective May 18, 2021. At that time, we anticipate that the size of the Board will be reduced from ten to nine Directors. Following Mr. Lucier’s departure, our Board will be comprised of nine Directors, 89% of whom are independent, and 33% of whom are female or from an underrepresented community. Further, as of May 18, 2021, our average Board tenure will be 4.2 years and average age will be 59.1 years.

 

2    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


Our Board of Directors

The table below lists the name, age and certain other information of each member of the Board, as of March 29, 2021, the Record Date for our Annual Meeting. We have also included below a summary of the business experience of each of our Directors and their educational background, including a discussion of the qualifications, attributes and skills that led our Board to the conclusion that each of our Directors should serve as a Director of NuVasive. There are no family relationships among any of the Company’s Directors or executive officers.

 

                                                                             

   Board Member

 

  

Age

 

  

Director
Class

 

  

Term
Expires(1)  

 

    

 

Committee Membership(2)

    

Audit

 

 

Compensation

 

  

Nominating

 

 

  J. Christopher Barry

   48    I    2023          

  Vickie L. Capps+

   59    II    2021      Chair      X

  John A. DeFord, Ph.D.+

   59    II    2021           X

  Robert F. Friel+

   65    III    2022        X   

  R. Scott Huennekens+

   56    II    2021      X     

  Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D.+

   51    II    2021        X   

  Gregory T. Lucier (3)

   56    I    2023          

  Leslie V. Norwalk, Esq.+

   55    I    2023      X      Chair

  Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq.+

   70    III    2022        X    X

  Daniel J. Wolterman+

   64    III    2022        Chair   

 

+

Denotes an independent director.

 

Mr. Wolterman currently serves as Lead Independent Director.

 

(1)

Term expires at Annual Meeting of Stockholders in year indicated.

 

(2)

Reflects membership as of the Record Date on each of the Board’s three standing committees: Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee.

 

(3)

In March 2021, the Company announced that Mr. Lucier informed the Company that he will be retiring from the Board effective May 18, 2021.

 

3    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


Directors Standing for Election at the Annual Meeting

Set forth below is information as of March 29, 2021, regarding the four Director nominees for election as Class II Directors at the Annual Meeting: Vickie L. Capps, John A. DeFord, R. Scott Huennekens and Siddhartha C. Kadia.

 

                                                                                          

  Vickie L. Capps

 

  

Board member since June 2015

 

 

LOGO

 

Chair of Audit

Committee; Member of

Nominating Committee

 

  

 

Ms. Capps is currently a Senior Advisory Board Member of Consonance Capital Partners, a healthcare investment firm.

 

Ms. Capps previously served as chief financial officer of several public and private companies. From 2002 to 2013, Ms. Capps served as the Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer and Treasurer at DJO Global, Inc. a leading global provider of medical device solutions for musculoskeletal health, vascular health and pain management, where she was recognized as CFO of the Year by the San Diego Business Journal in 2009 and 2010. Earlier in her career, she served as a senior audit and accounting professional at Ernst & Young LLP.

 

 

Ms. Capps’ executive leadership at global companies in the healthcare industry, including her financial expertise as a chief financial officer, provide valuable financial and accounting experience to our Board.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Finance

 

  

 

LOGO

Global

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• Consonance Capital Partners, Senior Advisory Board Member

 

• DJO Global, Inc., Chief Financial Officer

 

• Ernst & Young LLP

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• Amedisys, Inc. (Chair of Audit Committee, Member of Compensation Committee, Member of Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee)

 

• Otonomy, Inc. (Chair of Audit Committee, Member of Corporate Governance and Nominating Committee)

 

• Silverback Therapeutics, Inc. (Chair of Audit Committee, Member of Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee)

 

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree in business administration/accounting from San Diego State University

 

• California Certified Public Accountant

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• Board of Directors, San Diego State University Research Foundation

 

• Previously served on Board of Directors of Synthorx, Inc. (2018-2020) and Connecture, Inc. (2014-2018)

 

4    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

 

  John A. DeFord, Ph.D.

 

       

 

Board member since February 2018   

 

 

LOGO

 

Member of

Nominating Committee

 

  

 

Dr. DeFord is currently the Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer for Becton, Dickinson and Company (BD), a global medical technology company.

 

Dr. DeFord previously served as Senior Vice President, Research and Development, Interventional Segment for BD from December 2017 to June 2018 following its acquisition of C.R. Bard, Inc., where he had served as Senior Vice President, Science, Technology and Clinical Affairs since June 2007. Dr. DeFord joined Bard in 2004, and served in science and technology roles of increasing responsibility since that time. Prior to joining Bard, Dr. DeFord was Managing Director of Early Stage Partners LP, a venture capital fund. Prior to joining Early Stage Partners, Dr. DeFord was President and CEO of Cook Incorporated, a privately held medical device manufacturer.

 

 

Dr. DeFord brings to our Board valuable strategy, technology development and clinical affairs leadership experience within the medical device industry, having served as an executive at large global healthcare companies.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Innovation

 

  

 

LOGO

Global

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• Becton, Dickinson and Company, Executive Vice President and Chief Technology Officer (prior roles include Senior Vice President, Research and Development)

 

• C.R. Bard, Inc., Senior Vice President, Science, Technology and Clinical Affairs

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• Nordson Corporation (Member of Audit Committee)

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree and Master’s Degree in electrical engineering from Purdue University

 

• Ph.D. in electrical/biomedical engineering from Purdue University

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• Published in numerous scientific journals and holds numerous patents and multiple industry honors

 

 

5    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

  R. Scott Huennekens

 

        Board member since October 2018   

 

 

LOGO

 

      Member of Audit      

Committee

 

  

 

Mr. Huennekens most recently served as the President, Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Verb Surgical, a start-up company formed by Google and Johnson & Johnson to develop an advanced digital surgery platform, from August 2015 to December 2018.

 

Prior to joining Verb Surgical, Mr. Huennekens was the President, Chief Executive Officer and a member of the Board of Directors of Volcano Corporation, a medical technology company focused on diagnostic and therapeutic solutions for coronary and peripheral artery disease, from 2002 until Volcano was acquired by Royal Philips in February 2015. Prior to joining Volcano, Mr. Huennekens served as the President and Chief Executive Officer of Digirad Corporation, a diagnostic imaging solutions provider, and previously served as its Chief Financial Officer.

 

 

Mr. Huennekens brings to our Board medical device leadership experience and strategic insight, as well as significant knowledge and experience in robotics, data analytics and advanced surgical technologies. Additionally, his experience as a former chief financial officer brings valuable financial expertise to our Board.

 

 

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

 

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

 

 

LOGO

Innovation

 

 

 

LOGO

Finance

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• Verb Surgical, President, CEO and Chairman

 

• Volcano Corporation, President and CEO

 

 

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• Acutus Medical, Inc. (Executive Chairman of the Board)

 

• Envista Holdings Corporation (Chairman of the Board, Member of Audit Committee, Member of Nominating and Governance Committee)

 

• ViewRay Inc. (Chair of Compensation Committee, Member of Audit Committee)

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree in business administration from the University of Southern California

 

• Master of Business Administration Degree from Harvard Graduate School of Business

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• Previously served on Board of Directors of Reva Medical Corp. (2015-2018), Endochoice Holdings, Inc. (2013-2016) and Volcano Corporation (2006-2015)

 

• Member of the Board of Directors and past Chairman of the Medical Device Manufacturers Association

 

• Chairman of VIDA FLaSH Acquisitions, a special purpose acquisition company, which filed a Registration Statement on Form S-1 with the SEC on February 22, 2021 relating to a proposed initial public offering

 

 

6    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

  Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D.

 

        Board member since February 2021   

 

 

LOGO

 

Member of Compensation
Committee

 

  

 

Dr. Kadia most recently served as President and CEO of EAG Laboratories, a global scientific services company providing analytical testing and consulting solutions, from 2014 through 2018.

 

Prior to joining EAG Laboratories, Dr. Kadia spent nine years with Life Technologies Corporation and its predecessor Invitrogen Corporation. Dr. Kadia held a number of management positions, including President of the Life Sciences Division, Chief Marketing Officer, President of Life Technologies Greater China and President of Life Technologies Japan Ltd. Prior to joining Life Technologies, Dr. Kadia was a management consultant at McKinsey & Company in the Healthcare Practice, assisting global medical device companies, local and state governments and healthcare providers.

 

 

Dr. Kadia brings to our Board medical technology leadership experience, including international leadership experience, as well as significant knowledge and experience commercializing disruptive medical technology.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Innovation

 

 

 

LOGO

Global

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• EAG Laboratories, President and CEO

 

• Life Technologies, President, Life Sciences Division

 

• McKinsey & Company, Management Consultant

 

 

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• ALS Limited (Member of Sustainability and Innovation Committee, Member of the People Committee)

 

 

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree in electronics and telecommunications from Gujarat University (India)

 

• Master’s Degree in biomedical engineering from Rutgers University

 

• Ph.D. in biomedical engineering from Johns Hopkins University

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

• Previously served on Board of Directors of Horizon Discovery Group plc (2020), Newport Corporation (2014-2016), and Volcano Corporation (2013-2015)

 

• Director of VIDA FLaSH Acquisitions, a special purpose acquisition company, which filed a Registration Statement on Form S-1 with the SEC on February 22, 2021 relating to a proposed initial public offering

 

 

7    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


Directors Continuing in Office

Set forth below is information as of March 29, 2021, regarding the six Directors continuing in office and who are not up for election at the Annual Meeting: J. Christopher Barry, Robert F. Friel, Gregory T. Lucier, Leslie V. Norwalk, Esq., Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq., and Daniel J. Wolterman. In March 2021, the Company announced that Mr. Lucier informed the Company that he will be retiring from the Board effective May 18, 2021.

 

                                                                            

  J. Christopher Barry

 

        Board member since February 2018   

 

 

LOGO

 

Chief Executive Officer

 

  

 

Mr. Barry has served as our Chief Executive Officer and a Director since November 2018.

 

Prior to joining NuVasive, Mr. Barry served as Senior Vice President and President of Surgical Innovations for Medtronic plc, a global medical technology company, from January 2015 to October 2018. Mr. Barry joined Medtronic following its January 2015 acquisition of Covidien plc, a global healthcare technology and medical supplies provider. Mr. Barry previously spent 15 years with Covidien in various sales and leadership roles, most recently as President, Advanced Surgical Technologies, from October 2013 to January 2015.

 

 

Mr. Barry’s executive experience in the medical technology industry, including his experience as a strategic operator who has led teams globally, managed complex research and development programs and driven commercial initiatives, provides operational and strategic knowledge in the medical technology industry and valuable leadership experience to our Board.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Global

 

                      

        

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• NuVasive, Inc., CEO

 

• Medtronic plc, Senior Vice President and President of Surgical Innovations

 

• Covidien plc, President, Advanced Surgical Technologies

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• N/A

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree in environmental science from Texas Tech University

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• N/A

 

 

8    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                              

  Robert F. Friel

 

        Board member since February 2016   

 

 

LOGO

 

 Member of Compensation  Committee

 

 

 

Mr. Friel most recently served as the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of PerkinElmer, Inc., a global leader focused on improving the health and safety of people and the environment, until his retirement in December 2019.

 

Mr. Friel served as PerkinElmer’s Chief Executive Officer from February 2008 until December 2019 and Chairman from April 2009 until December 2019. From August 2007 to January 2019, Mr. Friel also served as PerkinElmer’s President. Since joining PerkinElmer in February 1999 as Chief Financial Officer, Mr. Friel also held the roles of Chief Operating Officer and Vice Chairman and President of PerkinElmer’s Life and Analytical Sciences unit. Prior to joining PerkinElmer, he held several senior management positions with AlliedSignal, Inc., now Honeywell International.

 

 

Mr. Friel’s executive experience with a global human and environmental health company, including experience as a chief financial officer, provide valuable leadership and financial experience to our Board.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Finance

 

  

 

LOGO

Global

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

•  PerkinElmer, Inc., Chairman and CEO (prior roles include President and CFO)

 

•  AlliedSignal, Inc., Vice President, Treasurer

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in economics from Lafayette College

 

•  Master’s Degree in taxation from Fairleigh Dickinson University

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

•  West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. (Member of Audit Committee, Member of Finance Committee)

 

•  Xylem, Inc. (Chairman of the Board, Member of Nominating and Governance Committee)

 

    

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

•  Previously served on Board of Directors of PerkinElmer, Inc. (2006-2019) and CareFusion Corporation (2009-2015)

 

 

9    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

  Gregory T. Lucier

 

  

Board member since December 2013

 

 

LOGO

 

Chairman of

the Board

 

  

 

Mr. Lucier serves as our Chairman of the Board. Mr. Lucier is currently Chief Executive Officer of Corza Health, Inc.

 

Mr. Lucier previously served as Chief Executive Officer of NuVasive from May 2015 to November 2018. Mr. Lucier has served as a member of our Board of Directors since December 2013 and our Chairman of the Board since November 2018. Mr. Lucier has over 25 years of executive management experience and served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Life Technologies Corporation, a global biotechnology company, from May 2003 until its acquisition by Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. in February 2014. Prior to joining Life Technologies, Mr. Lucier served as Chief Executive Officer and President at GE Medical Systems Information Technologies, Vice President for Global Services at GE Medical Systems and served as a corporate officer of the General Electric Corporation.

 

 

Mr. Lucier’s executive experience in the biotechnology industry provides strategic and practical knowledge to our Board related to strategy, finance, regulatory, clinical research and other operational areas in our industry.

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

  

 

LOGO

Global

                       

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• Corza Health, Inc., CEO

 

• NuVasive, Inc., Chairman and CEO

 

• Life Technologies Corporation, Chairman and CEO

 

• GE Medical Systems Information Technologies, CEO and President

 

• General Electric Corporation

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• Berkeley Lights, Inc. (Chair of Compensation Committee, Chair of Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee)

 

• Catalent, Inc. (Chair of Compensation and Leadership Committee, Member of Mergers and Acquisitions Committee)

 

• Dentsply Sirona Inc. (Member of Executive Committee, Member of Human Resources Committee)

 

• Maravai LifeSciences Holdings, Inc.

 

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree with high distinction in industrial engineering from Pennsylvania State University

 

• Master of Business Administration Degree from Harvard Graduate School of Business Administration

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• Previously served on Board of Directors of Invuity, Inc. (2014-2018), CareFusion Corporation (2009-2015) and Life Technologies Corporation (2003-2014)

 

10    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

  Leslie V. Norwalk, Esq.

 

  

Board member since May 2014

 

 

LOGO

 

Chair of

Nominating Committee; Member of Audit

Committee

 

  

 

Ms. Norwalk is currently Strategic Counsel to Epstein Becker & Green, P.C., EBG Advisors and National Health Advisors. She also serves as a healthcare, regulatory and policy advisor to several private equity firms.

 

Ms. Norwalk previously served the Bush Administration as the Acting Administrator for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). She managed the day-to-day operations of Medicare, Medicaid, State Child Health Insurance Programs, Survey and Certification of health care facilities and other federal health care initiatives. For four years prior to that, she was the agency’s Deputy Administrator, responsible for the implementation of the hundreds of changes made under the Medicare Modernization Act, including the Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit. Prior to serving the Bush Administration, she practiced law in the Washington, D.C. office of Epstein Becker & Green, P.C. where she advised clients on a variety of health policy matters. She also served in the first Bush administration in the White House Office of Presidential Personnel, and the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative. Ms. Norwalk currently sits on the boards of directors of several private companies, and she is a member of APCO Worldwide’s International Advisory Council.

 

 

Ms. Norwalk’s deep knowledge of, and experience with, the healthcare industry and government regulations provides valuable guidance and insight to our Board. Additionally, with her legal background, she brings important compliance and risk management experience to the Board.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Law

 

  

 

LOGO

Government

 

  

                    

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

• Epstein Becker & Green, P.C., EBG Advisors and National Health Advisors, Special Counsel

 

• Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Acting Administrator

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

• Arvinas, Inc. (Member of Audit Committee)

 

• Magellan Health, Inc. (Chair of Compliance Committee, Member of Management Compensation Committee)

 

• Neurocrine Biosciences, Inc. (Chair of Nominating / Corporate Governance Committee)

 

• ModivCare Inc. (Chair of Nominating and Governance Committee, Member of Audit Committee)

 

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

• Bachelor’s Degree, cum laude, in economics and international relations from Wellesley College

 

• Juris Doctor Degree from the George Mason University School of Law

 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

• Previously served on Board of Directors of Press Ganey Associates, Inc. (2012-2016), Volcano Corporation (2011-2015) and Endologix, Inc. (2015-2020)

 

11    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                              

  Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq.

 

        Board member since February 2016   

 

 

LOGO

 

Member of
Compensation
Committee; Member of
Nominating Committee

  

 

Mr. Rosenberg is currently the Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of QUALCOMM Incorporated, a global leader in the development and commercialization of wireless technologies.

 

Prior to joining QUALCOMM in October 2007, Mr. Rosenberg served as Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary of Apple Inc. from November 2006 to October 2007. From May 1975 to November 2006, Mr. Rosenberg held numerous positions at IBM Corporation, including Senior Vice President and General Counsel.

 

Mr. Rosenberg is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the International Advisory Board, University of California San Diego (UCSD) School of Global Policy and Strategy, and the China Leadership Board for the 21st Century China Center at UCSD. He has served as an adjunct professor of law at New York’s Pace University School of Law, where he taught courses in intellectual property and antitrust law.

 

 

Mr. Rosenberg brings to our Board significant experience in legal and compliance matters. Additionally, as an executive with a large global technology company, he brings global leadership experience to our Board.

  

 

LOGO

Leadership

 

  

 

LOGO

Law

 

  

 

LOGO

Global

 

  

 

                        

            

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

•  QUALCOMM Incorporated, Executive Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

 

•  Apple Inc., Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

 

•  IBM Corporation, Senior Vice President and General Counsel

 

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

•  N/A

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in mathematics from the State University of New York at Stony Brook

 

•  Juris Doctor Degree from St. John’s University School of Law

 

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

 

•  Board member of the Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (previously National Co-Chairman)

 

 

12    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


                                                                                          

  Daniel J. Wolterman

 

        Board member since July 2015    

 

 

LOGO

 

Lead Independent
Director; Chair of
Compensation
Committee

 

  

 

Mr. Wolterman is currently Chief Executive Officer of Wolterman Consulting LLC, a provider of strategic and operational consulting services to healthcare providers and other entities.

 

From January 2018 to May 2019, Mr. Wolterman served as Chief Executive Officer of ColubrisMX, Inc. and X-Cath, Inc., both privately held medical device companies. Mr. Wolterman previously served as President and Chief Executive Officer of Memorial Hermann Health System, the largest not-for-profit health system in Southeast Texas, from 2002 until his retirement from Memorial Hermann in May 2016. He has more than 38 years of experience in the healthcare industry and a long history of community involvement.

 

 

Mr. Wolterman’s extensive knowledge of the healthcare industry and his leadership of a large health system provide valuable perspective and guidance to our Board. Additionally, as a leader of and consultant for medical device companies, he brings product and technology experience to the Board.

 

  

 

LOGO

Healthcare

 

  

 

LOGO

Innovation

 

  

 

LOGO

Hospital

 

  

 

                           

            

 

 

BUSINESS EXPERIENCE

 

•  Wolterman Consulting, LLC, CEO

 

•  ColubrisMX, Inc., CEO

 

•  X-Cath, Inc., CEO

 

•  Memorial Hermann Health System, President
and CEO

 

 

CURRENT PUBLIC COMPANY BOARDS

 

•  N/A

 

    

 

EDUCATIONAL/PROFESSIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in business administration and a Master of Business Administration Degree in finance from the University of Cincinnati

 

•  Master’s Degree in healthcare administration from Xavier University

 

 

 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

•  Previously served on Board of Directors of Invuity, Inc. (2017-2018) and Volcano Corporation (2013-2015)

 

 

13    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD MEMBERS AND NOMINEES FOR ELECTION


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

Director

Identification,

Selection and

Evaluation

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss how Director nominees are identified and considered for election to our Board, as well as our process for evaluating Board effectiveness.

Identification and Evaluation of Director Nominees

One of the Nominating Committee’s key responsibilities is the identification and evaluation of Director nominees. The Nominating Committee believes that the Company is well served by its current Directors, but also believes that Board refreshment is important as our business grows and evolves over time, and that fresh viewpoints and perspectives are regularly considered. Since 2018, the Nominating Committee has helped identify and recruit four new Directors to join our Board to replace three Directors who have retired or left our Board.

 

 

Our Board has demonstrated a commitment to Board refreshment.

 

Since 2018, four new Directors have joined our Board,

and our average Board tenure now stands at 4.4 years.

 

                                               
LOGO
                                           

In the ordinary course, absent special circumstances, the Nominating Committee will generally re-nominate incumbent Directors who continue to be qualified for Board service and are willing to continue as Directors. From time to time, the Nominating Committee may also consider and evaluate potential new Director candidates who meet the criteria for selection as a Board nominee and have specific qualities or skills identified by the Board, and one or more of such candidates may be appointed as Directors as appropriate and in accordance with the Company’s organizational documents.

Director candidates will be selected based on input from members of the Board, senior management of the Company and, if the Nominating Committee deems appropriate, a third-party search firm. The Nominating Committee will evaluate each candidate’s qualifications and check relevant references. In addition, candidates will be interviewed by members of the Nominating Committee. Candidates meriting serious consideration will also meet other members of the Board. Based on this input, the Nominating Committee will evaluate whether a prospective candidate is qualified to serve as a Director and whether the Nominating Committee should recommend to the Board whether such candidate should be appointed to fill a vacancy on the Board, or presented for approval of the stockholders, as appropriate.

 

14    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  DIRECTOR IDENTIFICATION, SELECTION AND EVALUATION


Consideration of Director Experience, Skills and Diversity

In identifying and evaluating Director candidates for appointment or re-election to the Board, the Nominating Committee considers the appropriate balance of experience, skills and characteristics required of the Board, seeks to ensure that at least a majority of the Directors are independent under the rules of the Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”), and that members of the Audit Committee meet the financial literacy and sophistication requirements under Nasdaq rules (including that at least one member qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” under the rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”)). Nominees for Director are selected based on their depth and breadth of experience, integrity, ability to make independent analytical inquiries, understanding of the Company’s business environment, and willingness to devote adequate time to Board duties. Additionally, the Nominating Committee will consider diversity in personal and professional backgrounds and seeks diverse individuals, such as women and individuals from minority groups, to include in the pool of candidates for Board nomination; however, there is no formal policy with respect to diversity considerations in identifying Director nominees. In assessing Director candidates, the Nominating Committee will also consider the retirement age policy under our Corporate Governance Guidelines. The Company’s retirement age policy provides that a Director may not stand for re-election after age 72, but need not resign until the end of his or her term.

As a publicly held company with a principal executive office in California, the Company is subject to the requirements of California Senate Bill 826, which was signed into law in September 2018 (“SB 826”), and California Assembly Bill 979, which was signed into law in September 2020 (“AB 979”). Under SB 826, which addresses Board gender diversity, the Company is required to have a minimum of one female Director by December 31, 2019 and at least three female Directors by December 31, 2021. Under AB 979, which address Board racial diversity, the Company is required to have a minimum of one Director from an “underrepresented community” by December 31, 2021 and at least three Directors from an “underrepresented community” by December 31, 2022. While the Company was in compliance with SB 826 as of December 31, 2020, the Company will need to increase female representation on the Board prior to December 31, 2021 to meet the requirements of SB 826. The Board currently has one Director from an “underrepresented community.”

Since 2018, we have brought additional skills and experience to the Board with the addition of four new Directors: Mr. Barry, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia. As a result of our retirement age policy, two of our Directors did not stand for re-election at our 2018 Annual Meeting and retired as Directors immediately following the 2018 Annual Meeting. In anticipation of their retirement, the Board engaged a director search firm to identify potential new Director candidates. The Nominating Committee oversaw the Director search process, which led to the recruitment of Dr. DeFord and Mr. Huennekens. Upon the recommendation of the Nominating Committee, the Board approved the election of Dr. DeFord and Mr. Huennekens (elected in February 2018 and October 2018, respectively), each to serve as a Class II Director until the 2021 Annual Meeting. In August 2019, one of our Directors resigned from the Board for personal reasons. The Board subsequently undertook an assessment of our Board composition and commenced a new Director recruitment process. The Nominating Committee identified potential Director candidates, and in February 2021, Dr. Kadia was elected to the Board to serve as a Class II Director until the 2021 Annual Meeting.

The Nominating Committee and the Board believe that each of Ms. Capps, Dr. DeFord, Mr. Huennekens, and Dr. Kadia brings a strong and unique set of qualifications, attributes and skills and provides the Board as a whole with a balance of experience, leadership and competencies in areas of importance to our Company. In the section of this Proxy Statement captioned “Board Members and Nominees for Election”, we provide an overview of each Director nominee’s principal occupation, business experience and other directorships, together with other key attributes that we believe provide value to the Board, the Company and its stockholders.

Director Independence

Under our Corporate Governance Guidelines and Nasdaq rules, our Board is required to be comprised of a majority of independent Directors. The Nominating Committee evaluates our Directors’ compliance with Nasdaq rules regarding independence, as well as other factors, in making a recommendation to the Board as to whether Directors can be considered independent. Under applicable SEC and Nasdaq rules, the existence of certain “related party” transactions between a Director and the Company with dollar amounts

 

15    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  DIRECTOR IDENTIFICATION, SELECTION AND EVALUATION


above certain thresholds are required to be disclosed and preclude a finding by the Board that the Director is independent. In addition to transactions required to be disclosed under SEC and Nasdaq rules, the Board considered certain other relationships in making its independence determinations, and determined, in each case, that such other relationships did not impair the Director’s ability to exercise independent judgment on behalf of the Company. Based on the recommendation of the Nominating Committee, the Board determined that the following eight Directors are independent under the Nasdaq rules and our Corporate Governance Guidelines: Vickie L. Capps, John A. DeFord, Robert F. Friel, R. Scott Huennekens, Siddhartha C. Kadia, Leslie V. Norwalk, Donald J. Rosenberg, and Daniel J. Wolterman. Gregory T. Lucier, who served as our Chief Executive Officer through November 4, 2018, and who provided consulting services to the Company during 2020, and J. Christopher Barry, our current Chief Executive Officer, are not considered independent.

Stockholder Recommendations for Director Nominees

In nominating candidates for election as a Director, the Nominating Committee will consider written proposals from stockholders for Director nominees. Any such nominations should be submitted to the Nominating Committee, care of the Secretary of the Company, and should include the following information: (a) all information relating to such nominee that is required to be disclosed pursuant to Regulation 14A under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (including such person’s written consent to being named in the Proxy Statement as a nominee and to serving as a Director if elected), and (b) all information required by the Company’s Restated Bylaws, as amended (the “Bylaws”) (including the names and addresses of the stockholders making the nomination and the appropriate biographical information and a statement as to the qualification of the nominee). For more information, see the discussion under the caption “Other Information.”

The Company has never received a proposal from a stockholder to nominate a Director. Although the Nominating Committee has not adopted a formal policy with respect to stockholder nominees, the Nominating Committee expects that the evaluation process for a stockholder nominee would be similar to the process outlined above.

Consideration of Director Board Service and “Over-Boarding”

As discussed above, in identifying and evaluating Director candidates for appointment or re-election to the Board, the Nominating Committee takes into consideration a candidate’s willingness to devote adequate time to Board duties. As part of the Board’s evaluation and assessment process, the Board considers individual Director performance, including attendance, participation and engagement at Board meetings. This is particularly important when considering Director candidates that serve on multiple boards of directors. As of the Record Date for the Annual Meeting, none of the Company’s Directors serve on more than five public company boards (including the NuVasive Board). Each of Ms. Norwalk and Mr. Lucier serve on five public company boards (including the NuVasive Board), as discussed further below.

At our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, Ms. Norwalk was re-elected to the Board with 56% of the votes cast. Based on the Company’s investor outreach efforts, we believe that a number of stockholders did not vote in favor of Ms. Norwalk’s re-election to the Board due to concerns regarding “over-boarding.” At the time of Ms. Norwalk’s re-election to the Board, she was serving on five public company boards (including the NuVasive Board). Ms. Norwalk currently serves on five public company boards (including the NuVasive Board), but intends to step down from the board of Magellan Health upon the completion of the closing of the acquisition of Magellan Health by Centene, which was announced in January 2021.

When Mr. Lucier was re-elected to the Board at our 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, he was serving on three public company boards (including the NuVasive Board). Mr. Lucier also serves on boards of private companies, and since the 2020 annual meeting of stockholders, two such companies completed initial public offerings and are now public companies. As a result, Mr. Lucier currently serves on five public company boards (including the NuVasive Board). In March 2021, we announced that Mr. Lucier informed the Company that he will be retiring from the Board effective May 18, 2021.

Certain proxy advisory firms have adopted over-boarding policies, where they will recommend a vote against directors who serve on what the proxy advisory firm believes to be too many boards. Further, certain institutional investors will vote against directors if they believe they are over-boarded. These policies are generally intended to address concerns that directors on multiple boards may lack sufficient time to

 

16    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  DIRECTOR IDENTIFICATION, SELECTION AND EVALUATION


perform their board duties effectively. The Board acknowledges these concerns, but believes additional factors should be considered in determining whether a director on multiple boards should continue to serve on the Company’s Board. Among other things, the Board believes that consideration should be given to the skills and abilities that a Director brings to the Board, how a Director contributes to Board diversity and the overall mix of perspectives and backgrounds on the Board, and whether the Director dedicates the appropriate time, attention and energy to his or her Director duties. The Board discusses these considerations generally in connection with its evaluation and assessment process, and given the 2020 annual meeting voting results, specifically discussed these considerations for Ms. Norwalk. In the case of Ms. Norwalk, the Board noted that in the last three years, she has attended every Board meeting, as well as every meeting of each Committee on which she serves, and that she is well prepared for and fully participates in meetings. Further, Ms. Norwalk dedicates significant time outside of meetings to engage with, and provide advice and counsel to, members of management. The Board also noted that Ms. Norwalk, who served as the Acting Administrator for the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) during the Bush Administration, and with her overall knowledge and expertise in the area of healthcare and government regulations, brings a unique and highly relevant and valuable skill set to the Board. In addition, Ms. Norwalk contributes to overall diversity of views and perspectives in the Boardroom, as well as gender diversity, which the Board believes is important.

Evaluation of Board Effectiveness

On an annual basis, the Nominating Committee oversees a comprehensive Board evaluation and assessment process. The Board believes that an annual evaluation process is an important component of strong corporate governance practices and promoting ongoing Board effectiveness. Each year, the Board conducts a comprehensive evaluation and assessment process to review Board, Committee and Director effectiveness. The Board and each of its Committees performs a self-assessment to evaluate their effectiveness in fulfilling their obligations. As part of the process, outside corporate governance counsel conducts individual Director interviews to discuss Board and Committee effectiveness, as well as individual Director effectiveness. The Board, Committee and individual Director evaluations cover a wide range of topics, including, among others, the fulfillment of the Board and Committee responsibilities identified in the Corporate Governance Guidelines and charters for each Committee.

 

 

Our Board has implemented a comprehensive annual process to review

Board, Committee and Director effectiveness.

 

 

LOGO

The Board believes that the overall annual evaluation process works well and that using outside corporate governance counsel to conduct the individual Director interviews and to present the results and findings to the Board and the Committees leads to candid feedback and discussion. When feedback warrants follow-up with individual Directors, the Chair of the Nominating Committee will work directly with each Director, as appropriate. As a result of the Board evaluation process, the Company will often update its

 

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Board topical calendar and meeting planner for the ensuing year to incorporate feedback from the Board. For example, the Company modified the frequency and time allocation for certain meeting topics and dedicated more time for hands-on demonstrations and discussions of Company products and technology. Further, the process can help elevate discussion topics to action items, including matters related to Board composition, Board diversity, and Board succession planning.

 

18    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  DIRECTOR IDENTIFICATION, SELECTION AND EVALUATION


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Board Governance

and Corporate

Responsibility

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss our approach to Board governance and corporate responsibility and sustainability. We also discuss how our Board and Company have taken steps to respond to COVID-19.

 

 

Our Board has adopted a number of governance best practices.

 

 

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   Our Board structure provides for a Lead Independent Director   

 

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   Our Chief Executive Officer does not serve as our Board Chair   

        

 

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   Our independent Directors meet frequently in executive session   

 

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   Our Board service is limited by our retirement age policy (Directors may not stand for election after age 72)   

 

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   We have a comprehensive annual Board evaluation process   

 

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   We have majority voting for uncontested Director elections     

We are committed to maintaining the highest standards of corporate governance. As discussed below under “Board Leadership and Organization Structure,” our Board has established three standing committees to assist in fulfilling its responsibilities to the Company and its stockholders: the Audit Committee, the Compensation Committee and the Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee (the “Nominating Committee”). In 2017, as part of our continuing efforts to implement good governance practices, we expanded the responsibility of our Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee and renamed it the Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee). The Nominating Committee’s charter was revised to reflect that, in addition to its existing responsibilities related to Director nominations, Board structure and composition, and corporate governance matters, the Nominating Committee assumed oversight responsibilities for quality and regulatory matters, ethics and compliance matters, and other related matters. Under this revised structure, the Audit Committee has retained oversight responsibilities for financial reporting, accounting, internal accounting controls, auditing and related matters. In February 2019, we further revised the Nominating Committee’s charter to reflect that it would also assume responsibility for periodically reviewing and revising our Code of Conduct, as well as addressing violations thereof.

Corporate Governance Guidelines

Our Corporate Governance Guidelines are designed to address effective corporate governance of our Company. Our Corporate Governance Guidelines cover topics including, but not limited to, Director independence and qualification criteria, Director responsibilities, Director compensation, Board evaluation, Committee matters, succession planning and stock ownership guidelines for Directors and management. Our Corporate Governance Guidelines are reviewed regularly by the Nominating Committee and revised when appropriate.

In 2019 and 2020, we revised our Corporate Governance Guidelines to clarify the role of the Lead Independent Director, and to update language regarding Director independence and executive sessions of independent Directors. We also made other changes to clarify the process for the Chief Executive Officer performance review and compensation determinations, including the role of the Compensation Committee and the independent compensation consultant. Overall, we believe these changes help further advance corporate governance and improve the overall organization and readability of the Corporate Guidelines.

 

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Code of Conduct

We have adopted a Code of Conduct, which includes our code of ethics for our senior financial officers. The Code of Conduct applies to all of our officers, employees and Directors and establishes policies pertaining to, among other things, employee conduct in the workplace, workplace safety, confidentiality, conflicts of interest, accuracy of books, records and financial statements, securities trading, anti-corruption, competition laws, interactions with health care professionals and political and charitable activities. In February 2021, we revised the Code of Conduct to, among other things, reflect our commitment to diversity and inclusion and discuss our belief in responsible economic, social and environmental practices.

The Nominating Committee and the Audit Committee share oversight responsibilities related to the Code of Conduct. The Nominating Committee is responsible for oversight of compliance programs related to ethics and compliance and related matters, including the Company’s policies, procedures and practices designed to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations related to federal healthcare program requirements; the Fraud and Abuse Laws and other medical device laws; the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act; the Anti-Kickback Statute and other anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws. The Audit Committee is responsible for oversight of compliance matters relating to financial reporting, accounting, internal accounting controls, auditing and related matters.

The Audit Committee reviews and approves all waivers of the Code of Conduct for executive officers or Directors and provides for prompt disclosure of all waivers required to be disclosed under applicable law. We will disclose future amendments to the Code of Conduct, or waivers required to be disclosed under applicable law from the Code of Conduct for our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer or controller, and our other executive officers and our Directors, on our website, www.nuvasive.com, within four business days following the date of the amendment or waiver.

In addition, we maintain an Integrity Hotline by which employees and third parties may report violations of the Code of Conduct or seek guidance on business conduct matters. The Integrity Hotline is a third-party hosted service and has multi-lingual representatives available to take calls 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

 

 

Information about corporate governance at NuVasive, including our key
governance documents, can be found in the “Governance” area of the
“Investor Relations” section of our website (www.nuvasive.com):

 

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Corporate Governance Guidelines

  

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Charters of the Board Committees

  

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Code of Conduct

 

  

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Charter of the Lead Independent Director

 

  

  

 

Printed copies may be obtained upon request to our Investor Relations Department. Any stockholder may request copies of these materials in print, without charge, by contacting our Investor Relations Department at investorrelations@nuvasive.com.

 

Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability

We recognize the growing interest of our investors, employees, patients, surgeons and hospital customers in corporate responsibility and sustainability, including environmental, social and governance (“ESG”) matters. Our focus as a Company is developing innovative and enabling technologies to drive increased adoption of less-invasive surgery and improve clinical, financial and operational outcomes. Our guiding purpose is to transform surgery, advance care and change lives, and enabling safer, more reproducible surgical procedures is at the heart of what we do. When patients undergo less-invasive spine surgery, they typically experience less blood loss and trauma than traditional, open spine surgery procedures, with less time under anesthesia, which generally results in faster patient recovery times and better results. This is good for the patient, but also good for the hospital and the overall healthcare system. Less-invasive surgery often requires greater use of x-rays and other imaging technologies, which can expose the patient, surgeon and operating room staff to radiation. We take the health and safety of our patients, surgeons and hospital staff seriously, and our Lessray® technology platform is designed to address radiation exposure in the operating room. Lessray is an image enhancement platform designed to reduce radiation exposure by allowing surgeons to take low-quality, low-dose images and improve them to look like

 

20    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY


conventional full-dose images. Further, Lessray and our other enabling technologies are designed to improve operating room workflow, which in turn can reduce the cost of care. We believe that this focus, which benefits patients, surgeons and hospitals, will also benefit our investors as we continue to grow our business and create long-term stockholder value.

We also recognize the value associated with building our human capital and believe that success comes from investing in our people. We have expanded our efforts to advance diversity, inclusion and engagement, while providing professional development opportunities for our employees. As we seek to create a more diverse and inclusive workforce, we have begun to monitor voluntarily disclosed diversity data to review hiring, promotion and attrition overall at the Company and at the department level. With dedicated resources focused on our diversity and inclusion vision, strategy and priorities, and through our Women in Spine employee resource group, we are working to reinforce and build upon our culture of inclusion. Additionally, we have committed resources and personnel to ensure a healthy and safe environment for our employees and our communities. Our key objectives in this area include corporate compliance with responsible hazardous waste management, recycling, emergency preparedness, as well as various initiatives to improve our environmental health and safety programs. In 2020, this became a significant area of focus, as we worked to ensure the safety and wellbeing of employees during the COVID-19 pandemic. We are also giving back to our community. Our employees and sales representatives have a long history of supporting the communities where we have facilities, donating time, resources and funds to local causes. Since 2009, we have leveraged our expertise in spine care to give back to local and global communities through the NuVasive Spine Foundation (“NSF”). NSF supports life-changing spine surgery for individuals around the world with limited access to high quality medical treatment by working with surgeons to advance the quality of spine care in disadvantaged communities. In addition, through our grants program, we support medical research and education, charitable and philanthropic endeavors. We believe in giving back, and we also believe it is important to operate our Company in a socially responsible manner.

To ensure guidance and support of NuVasive’s corporate responsibility and sustainability initiatives, we created an ESG Steering Committee. The ESG Steering Committee is comprised of a cross-functional team of senior leaders and is intended to support NuVasive’s on-going commitment to corporate responsibility and sustainability, including ESG matters. The ESG Steering Committee is responsible for formalizing the Company’s policies and disclosures and making recommendations for evolving the Company’s ESG practices, while working with existing programs and activities to support and advance overall corporate responsibility and sustainability at NuVasive. We recognize that a range of frameworks and standards exist for measuring, managing, and reporting sustainability information, including the standards set forth by the Sustainability Accounting Standards Board (SASB). We are in the process of developing a general understanding of the various sustainability frameworks and standards, and we are reviewing peer disclosures to better understand information needs and expectations. While we have more work to do in this area before we will be ready to publish a sustainability report, we are committed to advancing corporate responsibility and sustainability at NuVasive.

Response to COVID-19

During 2020, we faced a number of challenges resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. As the pandemic unfolded, we created a COVID-19 task force to monitor developments and make recommendations for policies and actions. Our Board participated in regular calls to monitor and provide oversight related to our COVID-19 risk and to assist in navigating the Company through the pandemic. Throughout the pandemic, the safety and wellbeing of our employees has been our priority. We recognize the important role that our employees play in the support of our patients, surgeons and hospital customers, and we invested in the safety of our people by implementing rigorous COVID-19 health and safety protocols, distributing personal protective equipment to ensure those working in clinical and operational settings were protected, deploying health and wellness training, and offering remote work options where possible.

While the pandemic led to lower surgery volumes and deferred elective spine surgery procedures during 2020, many spine surgeries are not elective. Patients that suffer from debilitating back pain or who require emergent surgery due to trauma or other factors often cannot defer or delay surgery. As spine surgeries continued during the pandemic, we often faced challenges in supporting surgeries, but our committed employees worked with our surgeon and hospital customers to comply with new and changing hospital protocols to allow spine surgeries to proceed. We were also forced to change the way we interact

 

21    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY


with surgeons. With in-person surgeon education and training impacted by COVID-19, our Clinical Professional Development team developed virtual labs and created a Virtual Spine Conference series to enhance remote surgeon education and provide clinical insights.

We took steps to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 on our business by adjusting manufacturing capacity, controlling expenses and building up our cash reserves. During 2020, we imposed cuts on discretionary spending, and our executive officers and Directors voluntarily agreed to temporary reductions in compensation (as further discussed in the “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” section of this Proxy Statement). We also took a number of measures to improve our financial position and solidify our financial foundation to fund our long-term growth. We raised additional capital to bolster our balance sheet and amended the terms of our credit facility to provide greater borrowing capacity and flexibility to mitigate potential financial and business risks related to COVID-19. These efforts allowed us to increase our investment in R&D, invest in our people, and improve our operating processes to further our progress in support of our long-term strategy. We believe our investments in R&D will help accelerate and increase our growth as we launch new and innovative products and technologies, like our Pulse® platform. Our investments in people are helping strengthen our commercial leadership and customer engagement capabilities. Further, we are driving operational efficiencies through the implementation of redefined sales and operations planning processes, the creation of a new Business Transformation Office to improve project execution and delivery of business objectives, and our planning and control tower system to advance our planning and procurement activities for capital assets to align with demand. Our efforts to strengthen the business also included a realignment of our shipping teams and updates to our processes in our Memphis distribution facility, which will drive increased efficiencies in direct labor, material flow, and inventory, and result in improved fulfillment. As we look to put the challenges of 2020 behind us, we believe these actions will better position the Company for long-term success.

 

22    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD GOVERNANCE AND CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

 

Board Leadership

and Organization

Structure

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss our Board leadership structure, including how our Board and Board Committees are organized to carry out is duties, including oversight responsibilities. We also discuss how stockholders can communicate with the Board.

 

 

Board Structure

 

We are committed to independent leadership on our Board. Our CEO does not serve as our Board Chair, and our Board structure provides for a Lead Independent Director if the Board Chair is not an independent Director. Each of our three Board standing committees are comprised of independent Directors.

 

           
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Audit
Committee

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Nominating, Corporate

Governance and

Compliance Committee

  

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Compensation    

Committee    

Board Leadership Structure

Under our Board leadership structure, our CEO does not serve as Board Chair. In connection with the appointment of Mr. Barry to succeed Mr. Lucier as the Company’s CEO in November 2018, the Board determined to separate the roles of Board Chair and CEO, with Mr. Barry serving as the CEO and Mr. Lucier serving as Board Chair. The Board believes that there is no single, generally accepted leadership structure and maintains flexibility to determine which leadership structure best serves the interest of the Company based on circumstances and the evolving needs of the Company. Accordingly, although the Company believes that the separation of the Board Chair and CEO roles is appropriate at this time based upon the current circumstances, the Company’s Corporate Governance Guidelines do not establish this approach as a policy. As such, our Board periodically reviews its leadership structure to confirm that it is an appropriate structure for the Company at such time.

Our Board leadership structure also includes a Lead Independent Director. If the offices of the Board Chair and CEO of the Company are held by the same person, or if the Board Chair is not an independent Director, our Board leadership structure provides that a Lead Independent Director is to be elected by a majority of the independent Directors for a renewable term of two years. The Lead Independent Director presides at meetings of the independent Directors, presides at all meetings of the Board at which the Board Chair is not present and performs such other functions as the Board may direct, including advising the Board Chair with respect to Board meeting agendas. The Lead Independent Director also has other authority and responsibilities that are described in the charter of the Lead Independent Director. The full text of the charter for the Lead Independent Director can be accessed in the “Investor Relations” section of our website at www.nuvasive.com, by clicking the “Governance” link and then “Governance Documents”.

Each of the Directors other than Mr. Barry and Mr. Lucier is independent, and the Board believes that the independent Directors provide effective oversight of management. Moreover, in addition to feedback provided during the course of Board meetings, the independent Directors have regular executive sessions. Following an executive session of independent Directors, the independent Directors communicate with the Board Chair directly regarding any specific feedback or issues, provide the Board Chair with input regarding agenda items for Board and Committee meetings, and coordinate with the Board Chair regarding

 

23    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE


information to be provided to the independent Directors in performing their duties. The Board believes that this approach appropriately and effectively complements the current leadership structure of the Board.

Executive Sessions of Independent Directors

Executive sessions of independent Directors are held in connection with each regularly scheduled Board meeting and at other times as necessary. The Board’s policy is to hold executive sessions without the presence of management, including the CEO and other non-independent Directors. The Committees of our Board also generally meet in executive session at the end of each Committee meeting.

Role of Board in Risk Oversight Process

The responsibility for the day-to-day management of risk lies with the Company’s management, while the Board is responsible for overseeing the risk management process to ensure that it is properly designed, well-functioning and consistent with the Company’s overall corporate strategy. Each year, the Company’s management identifies what it believes are the top individual risks facing the Company. These risks are then discussed and analyzed with the Board. This enables the Board to coordinate the risk oversight role, particularly with respect to risk interrelationships. Information technology and cybersecurity is a key area of focus for the Company and our Board is actively involved in overseeing cybersecurity risk management activities. Specifically, the Nominating Committee meets frequently with members of management to review our information technology and data security policies and practices, and to assess current and projected threats, cybersecurity incidents, and related risks. Additionally, the Committees of the Board consider the risks within their areas of responsibility. The Audit Committee oversees the risks associated with financial reporting, accounting, internal accounting controls, auditing and related matters. The Compensation Committee oversees the risks associated with the succession planning for key management positions. In addition, the Compensation Committee determines whether any compensation practices create risk-taking incentives that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Nominating Committee oversees the Company’s global risk assessment process, as well as the risks associated with regulatory affairs, quality assurance, information technology and cybersecurity, corporate governance and ethics, and compliance matters.

The Board’s risk oversight function complements the Company’s leadership structure. The Company’s CEO, who also serves as a Director, is able to promote open communication between management and Directors relating to risk as well as combine the operational focus of management with the risk oversight capabilities of the Board.

Role of Board in CEO Succession Planning

A key responsibility of the Board is succession planning for the CEO. In 2018, the Board undertook a comprehensive leadership development and succession planning process, which included succession planning for the CEO. The Compensation Committee is charged with overseeing succession planning efforts for the CEO, and after discussions with Mr. Lucier, determined to engage an outside executive search firm to identify potential candidates to succeed Mr. Lucier as CEO. Working with the search firm, the Compensation Committee oversaw an executive assessment for potential internal candidates, as well as external executive benchmarking. After the Compensation Committee determined to proceed with an external search process, a special committee of independent Directors was formed to oversee the search process and consider external candidates. After a robust and competitive process, Mr. Barry was identified as the preferred candidate to succeed Mr. Lucier as CEO. The Compensation Committee then worked with its independent compensation consultant to develop parameters for a proposed employment offer for Mr. Barry. The Board, upon the recommendation of the Compensation Committee, approved the hiring and appointment of Mr. Barry as the Company’s CEO in November 2018. In determining to appoint Mr. Barry to succeed Mr. Lucier as CEO, the Board considered Mr. Barry’s executive experience in the medical technology industry, including his experience as a strategic operator who has led teams globally, managed complex research and development programs and driven commercial initiatives.

 

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Attendance at Board and Committee meetings

 

LOGO

 

  

 

The Board of Directors met ten times

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The Audit Committee met four times

LOGO

 

  

 

The Compensation Committee

met eight times

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The Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee met four times

 

Each Director attended at least 75% of the aggregate number of meetings of the Board and the Committees on which they served during 2020.

All of the Directors serving on our Board at the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders attended the meeting.

Board and Committee Membership and Structure

Each of the Board’s three standing Committees acts pursuant to a written charter, which can be accessed in the “Investor Relations” section of our website at www.nuvasive.com, by clicking the “Governance” link and then “Governance Documents”. Each Committee reviews its charter on an annual basis. In addition to the three standing Committees, the Board may approve from time to time the creation of special or ad hoc committees to assist the Board in carrying out its duties.

Each Director attended at least 75% of the aggregate number of meetings of the Board and the Committees on which they served during 2020. The Company does not have a formal policy regarding Director attendance at annual meetings of stockholders, however, we encourage all of our Directors to attend each annual meeting. All of the Directors serving on our Board at the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders attended the meeting.

Audit Committee. The Audit Committee currently consists of Vickie L. Capps (Chair), Leslie V. Norwalk and R. Scott Huennekens. The Board has determined that all members of the Audit Committee are independent Directors under Nasdaq rules and each of them is able to read and fundamentally understand financial statements. The Board has determined that Vickie L. Capps qualifies as an “audit committee financial expert” as defined by the rules of the SEC. The purpose of the Audit Committee is to oversee both the accounting and financial reporting processes of the Company, as well as audits of its financial statements. The responsibilities of the Audit Committee include appointing and approving the compensation of the independent registered public accounting firm selected to conduct the annual audit of our accounts, reviewing the scope and results of the independent audit, reviewing and evaluating internal accounting policies, and approving all professional services to be provided to the Company by its independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee is governed by a written charter approved by the Board. The Audit Committee report is included in this Proxy Statement under the caption “Audit Committee Report.”

 

Compensation Committee. The Compensation Committee currently consists of Daniel J. Wolterman (Chair), Robert F. Friel, Siddhartha C. Kadia and Donald J. Rosenberg. The Board has determined that all members of the Compensation Committee are independent Directors under Nasdaq rules. The Compensation Committee administers the Company’s benefit and stock plans, reviews and administers all compensation arrangements for senior executive officers, and establishes and reviews general policies relating to the compensation and benefits of our executive officers and employees. The Compensation Committee meets several times a year and consults with independent compensation consultants, as it deems appropriate, to review, analyze and approve compensation packages for our executive officers, and in the case of the CEO, make compensation recommendations to the Board for approval. In addition, the Compensation Committee determines whether any compensation policies create risk-taking incentives that are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Compensation Committee has determined that the risks arising from our compensation policies and practices are not reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. For more information, please see below under

 

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“Compensation Discussion and Analysis.” The Compensation Committee is governed by a written charter approved by the Board. The Compensation Committee report is included in this Proxy Statement under the caption “Compensation Committee Report.”

Nominating, Corporate Governance and Compliance Committee. The Nominating Committee currently consists of Leslie V. Norwalk (Chair), Vickie L. Capps, John A. DeFord and Donald J. Rosenberg. The Board has determined that all members of the Nominating Committee are independent Directors under Nasdaq rules. The Nominating Committee’s responsibilities include recommending to the Board nominees for possible election to the Board and providing oversight with respect to corporate governance matters. The Nominating Committee is responsible for oversight of quality and regulatory matters, ethics and compliance matters, and other related matters, including the Company’s policies, procedures and practices designed to ensure compliance with applicable laws and regulations related to federal healthcare program requirements; the Fraud and Abuse Laws and other medical device laws; the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act; the Anti-Kickback Statute and other anti-bribery and anti-corruption laws. The Nominating Committee is governed by a written charter approved by the Board.

Communications with the Board of Directors

Any stockholder who desires to contact any member of the Board or management can send an e-mail to investorrelations@nuvasive.com or write to:

NuVasive, Inc.

Attn: Investor Relations

7475 Lusk Boulevard

San Diego, CA 92121

Your correspondence should indicate that you are a stockholder of the Company. Comments or questions regarding the Company’s accounting, internal controls or auditing matters will be referred to members of the Audit Committee. Comments or questions regarding the nomination of Directors and other corporate governance matters will be referred to members of the Nominating Committee. For all other matters, our investor relations personnel will, depending on the subject matter:

 

   

forward the communication to the Director or Directors to whom it is addressed;

 

   

attempt to handle the inquiry directly, for example where it is a request for information about the Company, or it is a stock-related matter; or

 

   

not forward the communication if it is primarily commercial in nature or if it relates to an improper or irrelevant topic.

 

26    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  BOARD LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATION STRUCTURE


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

Executive
Officers

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss our executive officers. The table below sets forth information about our executive officers, including their ages as of March 29, 2021, the Record Date for our Annual Meeting. We have also included below a brief summary of the business experience of each of our executive officers, as well as their educational background.

 

  Executive Officer   Age    Position

  J. Christopher Barry

      48        Chief Executive Officer

  Brent J. Boucher

      53        Executive Vice President, Global Commercial

  Massimo Calafiore

      49        Executive Vice President, Global Business Units

  Matthew K. Harbaugh

      50        Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer

  Nathaniel B. Sisitsky, Esq.

      47        Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

  Lucas Vitale

      45        Senior Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer

  Dale Wolf

      41        Senior Vice President, Global Operations

 

 

  J. Christopher Barry

   

LOGO

 

 

J. Christopher Barry has served as our Chief Executive Officer and as a member of our Board of Directors since November 2018.

 

Information regarding Mr. Barry can be found above under the caption “Board Members and Nominees for Election - Directors Continuing in Office.”

 

 

  Brent J. Boucher

   
LOGO  

Brent Boucher has served as our Executive Vice President, Global Commercial, since October 2020, and is responsible for the Company’s global commercial organization, and commercial enablement such as global commercial operations and global technology commercialization.

 

Prior to joining NuVasive, Mr. Boucher was the senior vice president and general manager for the oncology division of AngioDynamics. Prior to this, he served as executive in residence for PDI’s Infection Prevention business after spending 20 years at Covidien where he served as General Manager for several global businesses, including Lung Solutions, Surgical Solutions and Respiratory Care.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s degree in business administration and management from North Dakota State University

 

 

27    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


 

  Massimo Calafiore

   

 

LOGO

 

 

Massimo Calafiore has served as our Executive Vice President, Global Business Units, since October 2020, and is responsible for the Company’s product and services organization, including Spine, NuVasive Specialized Orthopedics (NSO) and NuVasive Clinical Services (NCS), and commercial enablement such as clinical professional development and global marketing.

 

Mr. Calafiore’s previous roles at NuVasive included senior vice president and general manager, Spine Business Unit, and vice president and general manager, NSO. Before NuVasive, he spent more than 15 years supporting and leading the U.S. business for Waldemar Link, a leader in the orthopedics and medical device industry.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the Università di Catania

 

•  Masters of business administration from New York University

 

 

 

  Matthew K. Harbaugh

   

 

LOGO

 

 

Matthew K. Harbaugh has served as our Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer since January 2020.

 

Prior to joining NuVasive, Mr. Harbaugh served as an executive at Mallinckrodt plc, a global specialty pharmaceutical products company. From May 2018 to September 2019, he served as the President of Mallinckrodt’s Specialty Generics business, and from July 2013 to December 2018, he served as Mallinckrodt’s Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Harbaugh previously held a variety of financial management positions at Covidien Pharmaceuticals, which was spun-off from Covidien plc as Mallinckrodt plc in July 2013. Mr. Harbaugh joined Covidien in 2007 and served in several finance and leadership roles, including as Chief Financial Officer and Interim President of Covidien Pharmaceuticals. Prior to joining Covidien, Mr. Harbaugh was a Lead Finance Executive with Cerberus Capital Management, L.P., a New York-based private equity firm. Prior to that Mr. Harbaugh worked nearly ten years for Monsanto Company, where he held various roles in investor relations and finance.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from St. Louis University

 

•  Executive M.B.A from the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University

 

 

28    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


 

  Nathaniel B. Sisitsky, Esq.

   

 

LOGO

 

 

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky, Esq. has served as our Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary since June 2018 and is responsible for leadership of NuVasive’s legal team. In this role, Mr. Sisitsky oversees the NuVasive Spine Foundation, and as of January 2020, he also oversees the Company’s Global Risk & Integrity team.

 

Mr. Sisitsky previously served as our Vice President and Associate General Counsel, Corporate Affairs from July 2015 to June 2018. Prior to joining NuVasive, Mr. Sisitsky was Vice President and Associate General Counsel at CareFusion Corporation from April 2009 until April 2015. From August 2004 until April 2009, Mr. Sisitsky served as Vice President, Legal – Corporate Finance at American Tower Corporation. Prior to joining American Tower, Mr. Sisitsky was a Junior Partner in the Corporate Department of Wilmer Cutler Pickering Hale and Dorr (WilmerHale), based in Boston, MA.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science and Economics from Emory University

 

•  Juris Doctor Degree from New York University School of Law

 

 

 

  Lucas Vitale

   

 

LOGO

 

 

Lucas Vitale has served as our Chief Human Resources Officer since January 2019 and is responsible for NuVasive’s global human resources function, including sales training, talent management, compensation and organizational development.

 

Mr. Vitale previously served in various human resources roles since 2014, including as our Vice President, Commercial Talent Development from April 2017 to January 2019, Vice President of Human Resources from November 2015 to April 2017 and Vice President of Talent from April 2014 to November 2015. Mr. Vitale joined NuVasive from Life Technologies Corporation, where he spent nearly 10 years in various human resources roles focused on driving culture and talent strategies.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in Finance and Marketing from Hawaii Pacific University

 

•  Master’s Degree in Industrial / Organizational Psychology from Alliant International University

 

 

 

  Dale Wolf

   

 

LOGO

 

 

Dale Wolf has served as our Senior Vice President, Global Operations since January 2020 and is responsible for NuVasive’s supply chain, distribution, manufacturing, quality assurance and real estate and facilities functions.

 

Mr. Wolf previously served as the Company’s Vice President, Manufacturing, since August 2018. Prior to joining the Company, Mr. Wolf spent over 15 years with General Electric (GE), including leadership roles in manufacturing, operations and supply chain. Most recently, from October 2014 to June 2018, Mr. Wolf served as an executive plant manager for GE Healthcare.

 

 

 

  EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

 

•  Bachelor’s Degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Wisconsin – Madison

 

 

29    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE OFFICERS


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Security Ownership
of Certain Beneficial
Owners and
Management

         

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we provide information about the security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management. The table below sets forth information regarding ownership of our common stock as of March 29, 2021, the Record Date for our Annual Meeting (or such other date as provided below), by (a) each person known to the Company to beneficially own more than 5% of the outstanding shares of our common stock, (b) each Director of the Company, (c) the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and each other Named Executive Officer, and (d) all Directors and executive officers as a group.

We determined beneficial ownership under rules promulgated by the SEC, based on information obtained from questionnaires, Company records and filings with the SEC. The information is not necessarily indicative of beneficial ownership for any other purpose. Under these rules, beneficial ownership includes any shares as to which the individual or entity has sole or shared voting power or investment power and also any shares which the individual or entity has the right to acquire within 60 days of March 29, 2021. For our Directors and executive officers, this includes shares subject to stock options, restricted stock units and/or performance restricted stock units that can be acquired (including as a result of expected vesting and/or delivery) within 60 days of March 29, 2021. All percentages are based on 51,378,931 shares of our common stock outstanding as of March 29, 2021. Except as noted below, each holder has sole voting and investment power with respect to all shares listed as beneficially owned by that holder.

 

Name and Address of Beneficial Owner(1)    Number of Shares of
Common Stock
   Percent of
Common Stock

Principal Stockholders

                     

Wellington Management Company LLP (2)

       6,670,054        13.0 %

280 Congress Street, Boston, MA 02210

         
   

BlackRock, Inc. (3)

       6,269,189        12.2 %

55 East 52nd Street, New York, NY 10055

         
   

The Vanguard Group (4)

       4,816,692        9.4 %

100 Vanguard Blvd., Malvern, PA 19355

         
                       

The Hartford Mutual Funds, Inc. (5)

       2,659,303        5.2 %

690 Lee Road, Wayne, PA 19087

         
                       

Directors (other than J. Christopher Barry)

                     

Vickie L. Capps (6)(7)

       22,356        *

John A. DeFord, Ph.D. (6)(7)

       9,465        *

Robert F. Friel (6)(7)

       19,817        *

R. Scott Huennekens (6)(7)

       7,032        *

Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D. (8)

       1,037        *

Gregory T. Lucier (7)(9)(10)

       283,066        *

Leslie V. Norwalk, Esq. (6)(7)

       26,040        *

Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq. (6)(7)

       19,817        *

Daniel J. Wolterman (6)(7)

       20,728        *

 

30    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT


Name and Address of Beneficial Owner(1)    Number of Shares of
Common Stock
   Percent of
Common Stock

Named Executive Officers

                     

J. Christopher Barry

       19,926        *

Matthew K. Harbaugh

              *

Massimo Calafiore (9)(10)

       8,803        *

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky, Esq. (9)(10)

       13,195        *

Lucas Vitale (9)(10)

       10,832        *

Matthew W. Link (9)(10)

       50,724        *

All Directors and executive officers as a group (17 persons) (11)

       512,838        1.0 %
   

 

*

Represents beneficial ownership of less than 1% of the outstanding shares of our common stock.

 

(1)

Unless otherwise indicated, the address of each beneficial owner is c/o NuVasive, Inc., 7475 Lusk Boulevard, San Diego, CA 92121.

 

(2)

Based solely upon Amendment No. 3 to a Schedule 13G filed on February 4, 2021 by Wellington Management Group LLP (“WMG”), Wellington Group Holdings LLP (“WGH”), Wellington Investment Advisors Holdings LLP (“WIAH”) and Wellington Management Company LLP (“WMC”). According to the Schedule 13G, (i) each of WMG, WGH and WIAH is the beneficial owner of 6,670,054 shares, and has shared voting power with respect to 5,742,546 shares and shared dispositive power with respect to 6,670,054 shares, and (ii) WMC is the beneficial owner of 6,292,962 shares, and has shared voting power with respect to 5,650,415 shares and shared dispositive power with respect to 6,292,962 shares.

 

(3)

Based solely upon Amendment No. 13 to a Schedule 13G filed on February 5, 2021, by BlackRock, Inc. According to the Schedule 13G, BlackRock, Inc. is the beneficial owner of 6,269,189 shares, and has sole voting power with respect to 6,184,636 shares and sole dispositive power with respect to 6,269,189 shares.

 

(4)

Based solely upon Amendment No. 10 to a Schedule 13G filed on February 10, 2021 by The Vanguard Group, Inc. (“Vanguard”). According to the Schedule 13G, Vanguard is the beneficial owner of 4,816,692 shares, and has shared voting power with respect to 117,956 shares, sole dispositive power with respect to 4,657,591 shares, and shared dispositive power with respect to 159,101 shares.

 

(5)

Based solely upon a Schedule 13G filed on February 9, 2021, by The Hartford Mutual Funds, Inc. (“HMF”), on behalf of Hartford Midcap Fund, Hartford Small Cap Value Fund, and Hartford Healthcare Fund. According to the Schedule 13G, HMF is the beneficial owner of 2,659,303 shares, and has shared voting power and dispositive power with respect to 2,659,303 shares.

 

(6)

Includes 3,095 shares issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of restricted stock units.

 

(7)

Includes vested restricted stock units for which delivery has been deferred, as follows: Ms. Capps – 17,261 shares; Dr. DeFord – 6,370; Mr. Friel – 16,722 shares; Mr. Huennekens – 2,577 shares; Mr. Lucier – 16,030 shares; Ms. Norwalk – 22,945 shares; Mr. Rosenberg – 7,529 shares; and Mr. Wolterman – 17,633 shares.

 

(8)

All 1,037 shares are issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of restricted stock units.

 

(9)

Includes shares issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of restricted stock units, as follows: Mr. Lucier – 41,622 shares; Mr. Calafiore – 4,699 shares; Mr. Sisitsky – 2,256 shares; Mr. Vitale – 3,054 shares; and Mr. Link – 11,277 shares.

 

(10)

Includes shares issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of performance restricted stock units, the performance conditions of which were certified by the Compensation Committee on February 10, 2021 as follows: Mr. Lucier – 4,046 shares; Mr. Calafiore – 494 shares; Mr. Sisitsky – 237 shares; Mr. Vitale – 321 shares; and Mr. Link – 1,185 shares.

 

(11)

Includes the following shares owned by our current executive officers and Directors, in the aggregate: (a) 313,878 shares of common stock, (b) 85,610 shares issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of restricted stock units, (c) 6,283 shares issuable within 60 days of March 29, 2021 pursuant to the vesting of performance restricted stock units, the performance conditions of which were certified by the Compensation Committee on February 10, 2021, and (d) 107,067 shares issuable pursuant to vested restricted stock units for which delivery has been deferred.

 

31    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Certain

Relationships

and Related

Transactions

         

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss our policy regarding transactions involving Directors, executive officers and principal stockholders (“Related Parties”), and certain agreements that we have entered into with Related Parties.

Related-Person Transactions Policy

It is our policy that the Audit Committee approve or ratify transactions involving Related Parties or members of their immediate families or entities controlled by any of them or in which they have a substantial ownership interest. Such transactions include employment of immediate family members of any Director or executive officer. Management advises the Audit Committee on a regular basis of any such transaction that is proposed to be entered into or continued and seeks approval. This policy is set forth in writing in the Company’s Audit Committee charter.

Certain Related-Person Transactions

In December 2018, the Company entered into a consulting agreement (the “ARC Consulting Agreement”) with American Robot Corporation (“ARC”). Peyton Collins, the brother-in-law of Gregory T. Lucier, the Company’s Board Chair and former Chief Executive Officer, is the president and owner of ARC. Pursuant to the terms of the ARC Consulting Agreement, the Company agreed to pay an aggregate of $1.25 million for engineering services to be performed from December 2018 through February 2020 and payable in installments and subject to the achievement of certain milestones. The Company paid $937,500 to ARC during the fiscal year ending December 31, 2019 and paid the remaining $312,500 to ARC during the first quarter of 2020. The Company then extended the agreement with ARC through December 31, 2020, for additional engineering services, for which the Company paid an aggregate of $597,000 during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. The agreement with ARC terminated in accordance with its terms on December 31, 2020, and it was not renewed or extended.

During 2018, the Company entered into a general consulting and services agreement with Gregory T. Lucier, who served as the Company’s CEO through November 4, 2018. The agreement provided that Mr. Lucier would provide consulting services through May 31, 2020. Information regarding the general consulting and services agreement and the terms of Mr. Lucier’s compensation can be found under the caption “Director Compensation.”

During 2020, the Company entered into a letter agreement and general consulting and services agreement with Matthew W. Link, who served as the Company’s President through October 13, 2020 and remained with the Company in an advisory role to assist with the transition of responsibilities through December 31, 2020. Mr. Link also agreed to provide consulting services through March 31, 2021. Information regarding the terms of Mr. Link’s compensation, continued employment arrangement, and consulting agreement can be found under the caption “Compensation Discussion and Analysis — Employment Letters and Consulting Agreements.”

 

32    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Proposal 2 —
Ratification
of Independent
Auditor

         

At the Annual Meeting, we are asking our stockholders to ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm (the “independent auditor”) to audit our financial statements for the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Ernst & Yong LLP has served as the Company’s independent auditor for 20 years, and the Audit Committee has selected Ernst & Young LLP as the Company’s independent auditor for 2021. We are asking our stockholders to ratify the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP because we value our stockholders’ views on the Company’s independent auditor, even though the ratification is not required by our Bylaws or otherwise.

 

LOGO

 

 

OUR BOARD RECOMMENDS YOU VOTE “FOR” THE

RATIFICATION OF ERNST & YOUNG LLP AS OUR

INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

If our stockholders fail to ratify the appointment, the Audit Committee will reconsider whether or not to retain Ernst & Young LLP as our independent auditor or whether to consider the selection of a different firm. Even if the appointment is ratified, the Audit Committee in its discretion may direct the appointment of a different independent auditor at any time during the fiscal year ending December 31, 2021. Representatives of Ernst & Young LLP are expected to be present at the Annual Meeting and will have the opportunity to make statements if they desire to do so. Such representatives are also expected to be available to respond to appropriate questions.

Vote Required and Board Recommendation

Ratification of the appointment of Ernst & Young LLP as our independent auditor requires the affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the shares present or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting and entitled to vote. A vote to “ABSTAIN” will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the resolution.

THE BOARD RECOMMENDS A VOTE “FOR” THE RATIFICATION OF THE

APPOINTMENT OF ERNST & YOUNG LLP AS THE COMPANY’S INDEPENDENT REGISTERED

PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING DECEMBER 31, 2021.

 

33    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  PROPOSAL 2—RATIFICATION OF INDEPENDENT AUDITOR


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Audit Fees and

Audit Committee

Report

         

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss the fees paid to our independent auditor and provide the report of the Audit Committee for the year ended December 31, 2020.

Principal Accountant Fees and Services

The following table presents the fees for professional audit services rendered by Ernst & Young LLP and fees billed for other services rendered by Ernst & Young LLP for fiscal years 2020 and 2019. All fees paid to Ernst & Young LLP for the periods presented were pre-approved by the Audit Committee.

 

      Fiscal Year 2020    Fiscal Year 2019

Audit Fees (1)

     $ 2,520,442      $ 1,985,693

Audit-Related Fees (2)

     $      $

Tax Fees (3)

     $ 252,686      $ 60,317

All Other Fees (4)

     $ 7,200      $ 7,200

Total

     $             2,780,328      $             2,053,210

 

(1)

Audit fees represent fees and out-of-pocket expenses whether or not yet invoiced for professional services provided in connection with the audit of the Company’s financial statements, review of the Company’s quarterly financial statements, and audit services provided in connection with other regulatory filings. Fiscal year 2020 also includes fees for services associated with convertible notes issuances.

 

(2)

Audit Related Fees consist of fees billed in the indicated year for assurance and related services that are reasonably related to the performance of the audit or review of the financial statements but not listed as “Audit Fees”.

 

(3)

Tax Fees consist of fees incurred related to tax compliance services and consultation services on various domestic and international tax matters.

 

(4)

Includes amounts billed for annual subscriptions to Ernst & Young’s online resource library and online document repository.

Audit Committee Report

Under the guidance of a written charter adopted by the Board, the purpose of the Audit Committee is to oversee the accounting and financial reporting processes of the Company and audits of its financial statements. The responsibilities of the Audit Committee include appointing and approving the services and related fees of the independent registered public accounting firm. The Audit Committee currently consists of three members, each of whom meets the independence and qualification standards for audit committee membership set forth in the listing standards provided by Nasdaq.

Management has primary responsibility for the system of internal controls and the financial reporting process. The independent registered public accounting firm has the responsibility to express an opinion on the financial statements based on an audit conducted in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States) (“PCAOB”). The independent registered public accounting firm is also responsible for auditing the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. The Audit Committee appointed Ernst & Young LLP to audit the Company’s financial statements and the effectiveness of the related systems of internal control over financial reporting for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

34    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  AUDIT FEES AND AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT


The Audit Committee is kept apprised of the progress of the documentation, testing and evaluation of the Company’s system of internal controls over financial reporting, and provides oversight and advice to management. In connection with this oversight, the Audit Committee receives periodic updates provided by management and Ernst & Young LLP at each regularly scheduled Audit Committee meeting. The Audit Committee also holds regular private sessions with Ernst & Young LLP to discuss their audit plan for the year, the financial statements and risks of fraud. At the conclusion of the process, management provides the Audit Committee with, and the Audit Committee reviews, a report on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. The Audit Committee also reviewed the report of management contained in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (the “2020 Annual Report”), filed with the SEC, as well as the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm included in the Company’s 2020 Annual Report.

The Audit Committee pre-approves all services to be provided by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm. Pre-approval is required for audit services, audit-related services, tax services and other services. In some cases, the full Audit Committee provides pre-approval for up to one year, related to a particular defined task or scope of work and subject to a specific budget. In other cases, a designated member of the Audit Committee may have delegated authority from the Audit Committee to pre-approve additional services, and such pre-approval is later reported to the full Audit Committee. See “Principal Accountant Fees and Services” for more information regarding fees paid to Ernst & Young LLP for services in fiscal years 2020 and 2019.

In this context and in connection with the audited financial statements contained in the Company’s 2020 Annual Report, the Audit Committee:

 

   

reviewed and discussed the audited financial statements as of and for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020 with the Company’s management and Ernst & Young LLP;

 

   

discussed with Ernst & Young LLP the matters required to be discussed by the applicable requirements of the PCAOB and the SEC;

 

   

received and reviewed the written disclosures and the letter from Ernst & Young LLP required by applicable requirements of the PCAOB regarding the independent accountant’s communications with the Audit Committee concerning independence, discussed with the independent accountant its independence, and concluded that the non-audit services performed by Ernst & Young LLP are compatible with maintaining its independence; and

 

   

based on the foregoing reviews and discussions, recommended to the Board that the audited financial statements be included in the Company’s 2020 Annual Report filed with the SEC.

The Audit Committee met four times in 2020.

This report for 2020 is provided by the undersigned members of the Audit Committee of the Board.

Vickie L. Capps (Chairperson)

R. Scott Huennekens

Leslie V. Norwalk

The precedingAudit Committee Report shall not be deemed to besoliciting material or “filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, nor shall any information in this report be incorporated by reference into any past or future filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.

 

35    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  AUDIT FEES AND AUDIT COMMITTEE REPORT


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Proposal 3 —
Advisory Executive
Compensation

“Say-on-Pay” Vote

         

At the Annual Meeting, and as required by Section 14A of the Exchange Act, our stockholders will be asked to approve, on a non-binding advisory basis, the compensation of our Named Executive Officers as part of our annual “say-on-pay” proposal.

 

   

LOGO

 

 

OUR BOARD RECOMMENDS YOU VOTE “FOR” THE

ANNUAL “SAY-ON-PAY” PROPOSAL REGARDING

COMPENSATION OF OUR NAMED EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

As discussed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section of this Proxy Statement, our compensation principles and underlying programs are designed to attract, motivate and retain key executive talent who will drive sustainable long-term value for stockholders.

 

   

Our executive compensation programs are designed so that a significant portion of pay is variable or “at risk” and to link the realized value of compensation with Company performance and the returns delivered to stockholders.

 

   

We require executives to maintain a significant level of equity ownership in NuVasive and provide a meaningful portion of our executives’ total compensation in the form of equity-based, long-term incentives, further driving the link between stockholder value and executive compensation.

 

   

We regularly monitor our executive compensation programs to ensure best practices against corporate governance standards as well as competitiveness against pay programs at companies in our industry of similar size and complexity.

As further discussed in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis section, the Compensation Committee and the Board highly value the opinions of our stockholders and, in a continuing effort to better understand their views regarding executive compensation practices, the Company continued its stockholder outreach in 2020 and 2021. These outreach efforts continue to enable the Company to strengthen its executive compensation program. In addition, at our 2017 annual meeting of stockholders, our stockholders approved holding the advisory vote every year, which we believe will allow for a meaningful evaluation period of performance against our compensation practices.

The vote on our “say-on-pay” proposal is not intended to address any specific element of compensation; rather, the vote relates to the compensation of our Named Executive Officers, as described in this Proxy Statement in accordance with the disclosure rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Because your vote is advisory, it will not be binding on the Board and will not overrule any decision by the Board or require the Board to take any action. In addition, your vote will not create or imply any additional fiduciary duty on the part of the Board and will not restrict or limit the ability of our stockholders to make proposals for inclusion in proxy materials related to executive compensation. However, the Compensation Committee values the opinion of our stockholders and will take into account the outcome of the vote when considering future executive compensation decisions.

Vote Required and Board Recommendation

Approval of the non-binding advisory vote on the compensation of the Company’s NEOs requires the affirmative “FOR” vote of a majority of the shares present or represented by proxy at the Annual Meeting and entitled to vote. A vote to “ABSTAIN” will have the same effect as a vote “AGAINST” the resolution. Because broker non-votes are not counted as votes “FOR” or “AGAINST” this resolution, they will have no effect on the outcome of the vote.

THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS RECOMMENDS A VOTE “FOR” APPROVAL (ON A NON-BINDING

ADVISORY BASIS) OF THE COMPENSATION OF THE COMPANY’S NAMED EXECUTIVE

OFFICERS AS DISCLOSED IN THIS PROXY STATEMENT.

 

36    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  PROPOSAL 3—ADVISORY EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION “SAY-ON-PAY” VOTE


LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

   

Compensation
Discussion and
Analysis

         

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we discuss our executive compensation philosophy and programs, the decisions made by the Compensation Committee (for purposes of this Compensation Discussion and Analysis, the “Committee”) under those programs, and the factors considered in making those decisions for the Company’s Named Executive Officers (the “NEOs”) in 2020.

 

Executive Summary

 

Management and our Board responded to COVID-19 swiftly and decisively to effectively balance three priorities:

 

  

2020 Financial

Highlights

 

LOGO

 

 

The safety and wellbeing of our employees

  

LOGO

  

2020 Global Net Sales

 

$1.051 billion

LOGO

 

 

Our obligations to our patients, surgeons, and hospitals

LOGO

 

 

Preserving and strengthening our business for stockholders

 

The COVID-19 pandemic had a dramatic impact on our business:

 

   Lower surgery volumes and deferred elective procedures

 

   Decrease in our global net sales and operating margin

 

   Negative Total Stockholder Return in 2020

 

We cared for the safety and wellbeing of our employees:

 

   Implemented rigorous COVID-19 health and safety protocols

 

   Distributed personal protective equipment for employees working in clinical and operational settings

 

  

LOGO

  

2020 Non-

GAAP

Operating Margin*

 

11.1%

 

   Transitioned to temporary remote working arrangements where possible

 

   Continued healthcare benefits for furloughed employees

 

   No lay-offs related to COVID-19

 

We took actions to preserve and strengthen the business:

 

   Raised additional capital and built up cash balances

 

   Controlled expenses, including voluntary reductions in compensation by our executive officers and Directors

  

LOGO

  

2020 Non-

GAAP

Earnings per Share*

 

$1.23

 

   Drove operational efficiencies with redefined sales and operations planning processes and improvements to distribution and fulfillment

 

   Invested in R&D to accelerate innovation and future growth

 

We funded the 2020 bonus plan at 65% of target:

 

   Funding based on performance relative to non-financial strategic objectives established mid-year for employee safety, technology innovation and global operations

 

   Paid 2020 annual bonus to CEO at 65% of target

  

LOGO

  

2020 Investment in R&D

 

$79.8 million

 

We did not make modifications to any long-term incentives:

 

   2018 performance RSU award paid at 21% of target

  

* A reconciliation of certain non-GAAP financial measures is provided in the Appendix.

 

 

   2018 performance cash award paid at 98% of target

 

NuVasive is positioned well to grow in 2021, and our executive compensation program continues to motivate the executive team to deliver value to stockholders.

 

37    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


Our Company

We are a global medical technology company focused on developing, manufacturing, selling and providing procedural solutions for spine surgery, with a guiding purpose to transform surgery, advance care and change lives. We offer a comprehensive portfolio of procedurally integrated spine surgery solutions, including surgical access instruments, spinal implants, fixation systems, biologics, and enabling technologies, as well as systems and services for intraoperative neuromonitoring. In addition, we develop and sell magnetically adjustable implant systems for spine and specialized orthopedic procedures.

Our Executives

In accordance with SEC rules and regulations, our NEOs for 2020 include our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer and the three other most highly compensated executive officers serving as executive officers on December 31, 2020. Also, in accordance with SEC rules, Matthew W. Link, our former President, is included based on his service as an executive officer during 2020 and his 2020 compensation.

 

   

J. Christopher Barry — Chief Executive Officer

 

   

Matthew K. Harbaugh — Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer

 

   

Massimo Calafiore — Executive Vice President, Global Business Units

 

   

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky, Esq. — Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary

 

   

Lucas Vitale — Senior Vice President, Chief Human Resources Officer

 

   

Matthew W. Link — President (through October 13, 2020)

A complete list of our current executive officers is included in this Proxy Statement under the caption “Executive Officers.”

2020 Financial and Business Highlights

In 2020, the Company’s financial performance was affected by lower surgery volumes and deferred elective procedures around the world as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. While prioritizing the safety and wellbeing of our workforce, we took steps to preserve and strengthen our business by raising additional capital and building up our cash reserves, controlling expenses, improving our operations, and investing in R&D to further our progress against our long-term strategy.

 

 

 

LOGO

Net sales of $1.051 billion

 

 

  

Financial Results and Solid Foundation for Growth:

 

Despite the considerable challenges we faced related to COVID-19, we delivered global net sales of $1.051 billion in 2020, comprised of U.S. net sales of $821.8 million and International net sales (which excludes Puerto Rico) of $228.8 million. We also took steps to control expenses and improve cash flows, and we drove non-GAAP operating margin* of 11.1%. In addition, we raised additional capital to solidify our financial foundation and to fund our long-term growth.

 

 

 

LOGO

15 products launched

 

 

  

R&D Investment and New Product Launches:

 

As innovation is a key pillar to our leadership in spine, we maintained our level of R&D investment during COVID-19, and we launched 15 new products in 2020. We have continued to focus on developing innovative and enabling technologies to drive increased adoption of less-invasive surgery and improve clinical, financial and operational outcomes.

 

LOGO

Clinical education

 

 

  

Enhanced Clinical Education and Training:

 

In 2020, our Clinical Professional Development team launched a new campaign to equip surgeons and hospitals with resources to support the adoption of less-invasive surgical techniques. With in-person training impacted by COVID-19, we developed virtual labs and created a Virtual Spine Conference series to enhance remote surgeon education and provide clinical insights.

 

* A reconciliation of certain non-GAAP financial measures is provided in the Appendix.

During 2020, we imposed cuts on discretionary spending, and our executive officers and Directors voluntarily agreed to temporary reductions in compensation. We also took a number of measures to improve our financial position and solidify our financial foundation to fund our long-term growth. We raised additional

 

38    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


capital to bolster our balance sheet and amended the terms of our credit facility to provide greater borrowing capacity and flexibility to mitigate potential financial and business risks related to COVID-19. These efforts allowed us to increase our investment in R&D, invest in our people, and improve our operating processes. We believe our investments in R&D will help accelerate and increase our growth as we launch new and innovative products and technologies, like our Pulse platform. Our investments in people are helping strengthen our commercial leadership and customer engagement capabilities. Further, we are driving operational efficiencies through the implementation of redefined sales and operations planning processes, the creation of a new Business Transformation Office to improve project execution and delivery of business objectives, and our planning and control tower system to advance our planning and procurement activities for capital assets to align with demand. Our efforts to strengthen the business, also included a realignment of our shipping teams and updates to our processes in our Memphis distribution facility, which will drive increased efficiencies in direct labor, material flow, and inventory, and result in improved fulfillment. We believe these actions will better position the Company for long-term success.

While the pandemic led to lower surgery volumes and deferred elective spine surgery procedures during 2020, many spine surgeries are not elective. Patients that suffer from debilitating back pain or who require emergent surgery due to trauma or other factors often cannot defer or delay surgery. As spine surgeries continued during the pandemic, we often faced challenges in supporting surgeries, but our committed employees worked with our surgeon and hospital customers to comply with new and changing hospital protocols to allow spine surgeries to proceed. The combination of our differentiated technologies with our talented, clinically trained commercial teams, helped drive 2020 global net sales of $1.051 billion. While our Total Stockholder Return was negative in 2020 (-27%), our 2020 financial results reflected a decline in net sales of 10.1% compared to 2019.

For more information about our 2020 financial and business performance, please see “Business,” “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.

2020 Executive Compensation Highlights

NuVasive’s executive compensation program emphasizes pay-for-performance and places a significant portion of annual direct compensation opportunity in the form of variable incentives designed to motivate our NEOs to achieve overall Company goals, specific business goals and individual performance goals. In setting executive compensation for 2020, the Committee approved an updated peer group for compensation benchmarking by replacing the four largest companies in the peer group with four companies with market capitalizations and net sales more comparable to the Company’s. The compensation awarded to our NEOs for 2020 reflected the financial and operational results mentioned above, including the impact of COVID-19, as well as the Committee’s pay-for-performance compensation philosophy.

 

     Compensation
Component
   Link to Business
Strategy
  2020 Compensation
Actions
  COVID-19
Related Actions
   

Base
Salary

(page 42)

  

•  Competitive base salaries help attract, motivate and retain executive talent.

 

•  Increases are not automatic or guaranteed, which promotes a performance culture.

 

Merit based increases ranging from 0% – 6.25% were approved for 2020.

 

Mr. Calafiore received a base salary increase of 13.11% to recognize his role change effective January 1, 2020.

 

  In response to COVID-19, the Company implemented expense control measures in 2020, which included voluntary reductions in executive officer base salaries of 10%-20%.
   

Annual
Incentives

(page 42)

  

•  Annual bonus pool funded based on overall Company performance.

 

•  Metrics and targets are evaluated each year to ensure alignment with business strategy.

 

•  Differentiating award values based on individual performance assists in motivation of key talent.

 

Annual bonus plan funded at 65% of target.

 

Annual cash incentive awards for our NEOs were paid at 65%-70% of target.

 

In August 2020, the Committee determined that the impact of COVID-19 on the Company’s financials would likely result in below threshold funding of the annual bonus plan. In order to drive prioritization and focus, the Committee agreed to determine bonus plan funding at year-end based on achievement against non-financial strategic objectives established for employee safety, technology innovation, and global operations using informed judgment.

 

 

39    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


     Compensation
Component
   Link to Business
Strategy
  2020 Compensation
Actions
  COVID-19
Related Actions
   

Long-Term

Incentives

(page 42)

  

•  Award mix and performance metrics are reviewed annually for strategy alignment.

 

–   Consistent with our strategy to drive long-term stockholder value, our 2020 LTI program focused on net sales growth and non-GAAP operating margin expansion.

 

–   Consistent with our strategy to manage burn rate and dilution, our 2020 LTI program was delivered to executives in a mix of RSUs, performance RSUs and performance cash awards.

 

•  Differentiating award values based on individual performance and potential, as well as overlapping vesting periods, assists in motivation and retention of key talent.

 

2018 Annual LTI Award Vesting:

 

•  Performance RSUs granted in April 2018 with cliff vesting in April 2021 will vest as to 21% of target based on 2020 non-GAAP operating margin performance relative to the goal that was established in 2018 for this award.

 

•  Performance cash awards granted in April 2018 with cliff vesting in April 2021 will vest as to 98% of target based on net sales performance relative to the goal that was established in 2018 for this award.

 

No modifications were made to any long-term incentive program.

 

While COVID-19 impacted the Company’s 2020 net sales and non-GAAP operating margin performance, both of which are metrics in our performance RSU and performance cash awards for 2018, 2019 and 2020, no actions were taken to mitigate the negative impact on payouts of these awards.

The charts below illustrate the mix of target total annual direct compensation for Mr. Barry (our CEO) and other NEOs (excluding Mr. Barry) for 2020. As illustrated below, 87% of the CEO’s target total annual direct compensation and 74% of other NEOs’ target total annual direct compensation is variable with performance, including stock price performance.

 

 

LOGO

For more information about the 2020 compensation decisions and the factors considered in making these decisions, please see pages 44 - 48.

Say on Pay Results and Stockholder Engagement

The Committee and the Board carefully consider stockholder feedback regarding executive compensation. The Company regularly interacts with stockholders throughout the year on several matters, including executive compensation. Through these and other outreach efforts, we can:

 

   

Better understand our stockholders’ concerns and interests on executive compensation and governance related issues;

 

   

Discuss the evolution of our compensation program; and

 

   

Gather stockholder feedback and convey the stockholder opinions and commentary directly to the Committee and the rest of the Board.

 

    

 

LOGO

 

 

 

        At the 2020 Annual Meeting, NuVasive stockholders

            voted 94% in favor of our “say-on-pay” proposal

 

At the 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders, the advisory vote on the 2019 compensation of our NEOs (the “say-on-pay” vote) received approval from more than 94% of votes cast. Based on our stockholder outreach efforts, we believe this support reflects that stockholders are pleased with the core design features of the executive compensation program. Leading up to the 2020 Annual Meeting, we reached out to our top 50 stockholders, representing more than 80% of the shares outstanding, and held conversations with each investor that expressed interest.

 

40    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


Aligned with the feedback received from stockholders, the Committee retained the core compensation design features for 2020, but made adjustments to the Company’s proxy peer group for 2020, as discussed further below. The Committee is committed to listening to stockholders’ views and taking stockholder feedback into account when reviewing the executive compensation program. In addition, our stockholders expressed satisfaction with the following components of our compensation program:

 

LOGO    Focus on net sales growth and operating margin expansion as well as robust target goal setting
LOGO    Use of at least 50% performance-based long-term incentives
LOGO    Responsible share usage and dilution

Finally, our stockholders were complimentary of the linkage between the compensation program, financial and stock price performance, and the Company’s long-term business strategy.

Executive Compensation Philosophy and Objectives

Compensation Philosophy. The Company’s executive compensation program is designed to attract, motivate and retain talented executives who drive the Company’s success and enable long-term stockholder value creation by:

 

   

Profitably growing the business and prudently managing risk;

 

   

Linking a significant portion of our NEOs’ target compensation to performance-based results; and

 

   

Appropriately aligning compensation with both short- and long-term Company performance goals.

The deep leadership expertise of each NEO makes our NEOs highly valuable to many of our competitors, making their retention a key priority. Because many of our competitors in the spine industry are divisions of much larger companies, there is a highly competitive market for executive talent. In addition, our NEO compensation must motivate strong performance and drive stockholder returns. For these reasons, the Committee believes NEO compensation should be set at competitive levels to retain a valuable team and attract talent, while placing a strong emphasis on successful attainment of Company performance goals.

Strong Executive Compensation Governance Practices. The Committee regularly reviews best practices in governance and executive compensation. The following chart summarizes executive compensation practices that the Committee believes (i) drive Company performance and (ii) serve our stockholders’ long-term interests.

 

   
WHAT WE DO      WHAT WE DON’T DO

LOGO

   Review feedback from stockholder outreach (page 40)      LOGO    No single-trigger change-in-control arrangements (page 54)

LOGO

   Utilize an independent compensation consulting firm to facilitate pay assessments and review best practices (page 43)      LOGO    No pledging of Company stock, hedging transactions and short sales by executive officers and Directors (page 51)

LOGO

   Review competitive compensation market data (page 43)      LOGO    No significant perquisites (page 49)

LOGO

   Review tally sheets when making executive compensation decisions (page 44)      LOGO    No tax gross ups related to change-in-control (page 49)

LOGO

   Administer stock ownership guidelines to align interests with our stockholders (page 50)        

LOGO

   Provide for clawback of incentive compensation in the event of a material restatement of financials (page 51)        

LOGO

   Require executive officers and Directors to obtain approval prior to executing transactions in Company securities (page 51)        

 

41    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


Primary Elements of the Company’s Executive Compensation Program

The target total compensation opportunity for NEOs is comprised of both fixed (base salary) and variable (annual and long-term incentives) compensation. In addition, each NEO is eligible for benefits that are generally offered to Company employees.

Base Salary. Base salary for NEOs recognizes the experience, skills, knowledge and responsibilities required of each executive. Each year, base salary is evaluated against the peer group, general competitive practices, and an internal assessment of the NEO performance, both individually and relative to other officers. For newly hired executive officers, the Committee considers industry and other competitive hiring factors. The Committee typically reviews base salary once a year and may adjust each NEO’s salary to reflect changes of responsibility, performance and competitive conditions. The Committee does not apply specific formulae to determine changes. If adjustments are made, they are typically made effective with the first pay period in March of each year.

Annual Performance Bonus Plan. NEOs participate in an annual cash bonus plan intended to provide a financial incentive based on the achievement of specifically defined annual performance measures, including both Company-specific measures and individual performance measures. The Committee establishes an individual target bonus opportunity for each NEO expressed as a percentage of base salary. Target bonus percentages are established at the beginning of the fiscal year (or upon hiring for new hires) based on a review of:

 

   

Competitive market data for both target bonus opportunity and target total cash opportunity;

 

   

The role of each executive, including ability to impact the Company’s overall performance; and

 

   

The Committee’s assessment of internal pay equity among executives.

The Committee may adjust each NEO’s target bonus opportunity during the year to reflect promotions or changes in level of responsibility, performance-based factors, and competitive conditions. The Committee evaluates the performance measures and targets under the plan each year to ensure they align with the Company’s short-term strategy and its long-term objective of creating sustainable stockholder value.

Annual Long-Term Incentive Awards (LTI). LTI awards to our NEOs include grants of restricted stock units (RSUs), performance restricted stock units (PRSUs) and performance cash awards. RSUs and PRSUs enable our NEOs to feel invested in our business and to participate in the long-term success of our Company as reflected in stock price appreciation. Furthermore, LTI awards promote retention through vesting tied to an individual’s continued employment.

In determining each NEO’s grant of LTI awards, the Committee considers:

 

   

Company performance;

 

   

Individual past performance and future potential; and

 

   

Competitive pay practices.

In addition, the Committee evaluates the amount and value of unvested LTI awards held by NEOs to assess the retention value associated with previously granted LTI awards. It is the Committee’s aim to provide significant levels of LTI compensation to NEOs as the Committee feels it is important to the Company’s long-term growth prospects to motivate and retain the Company’s executive management team.

Process for Determining Named Executive Officer Compensation

Except for compensation actions for the CEO, which require full Board approval, the Committee is ultimately responsible for decisions relating to compensation for our NEOs. In making its decisions, the Committee considers recommendations from, and discusses decisions with, its independent compensation consultant and the management team.

Role of the Committee. The Committee has the ultimate responsibility and decision-making authority over all aspects of the executive compensation programs for our NEOs, other than the CEO as described above. The Committee seeks advice from its independent compensation consultant to assist in the assessment of executive pay elements in order to ensure that they are reasonable, aligned with stockholder interests and competitive and meet our key priorities. Additionally, the Committee considers stockholder

 

42    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


feedback and recommendations of the CEO referenced below. For a more detailed description of the Committee’s duties and responsibilities, please refer to the Committee’s Charter, which can be found on the Company’s website under the Governance section of the Company’s Investor Relations section on www.nuvasive.com.

Role of Management. The Committee has full access to the management team for assessing and acting on executive compensation matters. The CEO works closely with the management team to develop management’s recommendations on the alignment of compensation with business strategy. The CEO does not make recommendations or participate in Committee deliberations on matters regarding the CEO’s own compensation. While the Committee considers input from the CEO and management in making compensation decisions, its decisions may or may not reflect management’s recommendations.

Role of Consultants. The Committee retained an independent compensation consultant, Frederic W. Cook & Co., Inc. (“FW Cook”), to advise the Committee on executive and non-employee Director compensation practices during 2020. The independent compensation consultant reports directly to the Committee and provides advice on program design, performs data and information analyses, and keeps the Committee apprised of changing trends and regulatory requirements in the executive pay arena. In 2020, the Committee concluded that the engagement of FW Cook raised no conflict of interest under applicable SEC and Nasdaq rules that would prevent FW Cook from independently providing services to the Committee.

Competitive Market Data. The Committee considers each element of compensation separately and the total compensation package as a whole to determine whether compensation is consistent with the Committee’s compensation policies, is aligned with Company performance, and is competitive. The Committee considers peer group data, as well as published survey data. While the Committee considers this data in setting executive compensation, the Committee does not solely rely upon benchmarking in relation to a specific peer group. The Committee considers multiple factors in making individual pay decisions, allowing the Committee flexibility in determining the overall compensation (as opposed to being locked into a particular data set and/or percentile target).

Peer Group. The Committee performs an annual assessment of the peer group for compensation benchmarking. In July 2019, the Committee reviewed our 2019 proxy peer group (the “2019 Peer Group”) to determine whether the companies included were appropriate for 2020. Criteria included size (based on revenue and market capitalization), industry, peer groups as listed by proxy advisors and available compensation data. During this review, the Committee noted that the four largest companies in the 2019 Peer Group (Illumina, Intuitive Surgical, Stryker and Zimmer Biomet) were significantly larger than the Company based on market capitalization, revenue, and other metrics. The Committee also acknowledged that such companies fell outside of the peer group size constraints that a well-known proxy advisory firm has established, with revenues between 0.4 to 2.5 times that of NuVasive and market capitalization between 0.25 and 4.0 times that of NuVasive. While NuVasive competes with these companies for talent, the Committee, with input from its independent compensation consultant, determined to update the 2020 proxy peer group (the “2020 Peer Group”) to better align NuVasive’s revenue and market capitalization with median by (i) removing the four largest peers from the 2019 Peer Group and (ii) adding four new medical device companies that are similar to or smaller in size than that of NuVasive, as follows:

 

REMOVED for 2020       ADDED for 2020

•  Illumina, Inc.

     

•  DexCom, Inc.

•  Intuitive Surgical, Inc.

     

•  ICU Medical, Inc.

•  Stryker Corporation

     

•  Nevro Corp.

•  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc.

     

•  Orthofix Medical, Inc.

 

43    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


With these changes and based on the data reviewed by the Committee in July 2019, NuVasive approximates the median for revenue and the 25th percentile for market capitalization as compared to the 15 companies in the 2020 Peer Group, as set forth below:

 

2020 Peer Group

•  Align Technology, Inc.

 

•  IDEXX Laboratories, Inc.

 

•  Nevro Corp.

•  CONMED Corporation

 

•  ICU Medical, Inc.

 

•  Orthofix Medical, Inc.

•  DexCom, Inc.

 

•  Integer Holdings Corp

 

•  ResMed, Inc.

•  Globus Medical, Inc.

 

•  Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corp

 

•  STERIS Plc

•  Haemonetics Corporation

 

•  Masimo Corporation

 

•  Wright Medical Group, NV

As part of the annual peer group review process, the Committee reviewed the proxy peer group again in July 2020 to establish the proxy peer group for 2021 compensation benchmarking, and no changes were made for 2021.

Additional Published Survey Sources. As noted above, the Committee does not rely upon a stated benchmarking percentile in relation to this specific peer group alone, but rather relies upon varied sources of data and other factors in making individual pay decisions. To supplement market data gathered from publicly disclosed filings of our specific peer group, the Committee also considers market information from the Radford Global Technology published compensation survey, which is reflective of the market in which we compete for talent. The identity of the companies comprising the survey data is not disclosed to, or considered by, the Committee in its decision-making process and the Committee does not consider the identity of the companies comprising the survey data to be material for this purpose.

Determining Executive Compensation for 2020

For 2020, the Committee (and the Board, in the case of the CEO) considered market pay-related data and other factors such as Company performance, performance against individual goals and objectives, realizable pay data, and a multi-year look-back of total compensation through tally sheets (inclusive of annual cash compensation, LTI awards granted and earned, and benefits and perquisites) in determining NEO compensation for 2020.

2020 Base Salary. The table below sets forth base salary rates for the NEOs as of December 31, 2019 and 2020, and the percentage change:

 

      2019 Base Salary  Rate(1)      2020 Base Salary  Rate(2)      % Change from 2019  

J. Christopher Barry

   $   800,000      $   850,000        6.25

Matthew K. Harbaugh(3)

          $ 525,000         

Massimo Calafiore(4)

   $ 371,315      $ 420,000        13.11

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

   $ 375,120      $ 390,125        4.00

Lucas Vitale

   $ 340,000      $ 353,600        4.00

Matthew W. Link

   $ 515,000      $ 533,025        3.50

 

(1)

2019 Base Salary Rate reflects annual base salary rate in effect on December 31, 2019.

 

(2)

2020 Base Salary Rate reflects annual base salary rate in effect on December 31, 2020, without regard to the voluntary reduction in compensation in light of COVID-19 discussed below.

 

(3)

Mr. Harbaugh joined the Company as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer effective January 1, 2020.

 

(4)

For Mr. Calafiore, reflects a 13.11% increase in connection with his role expansion to lead the spine business unit, effective January 1, 2020. Mr. Calafiore was then promoted to the role of Executive Vice President, Global Business Units, effective October 14, 2020 with no change in base salary in light of the various cost reduction actions the Company had taken, including the voluntary pay reductions described below. In connection with such promotion, Mr. Calafiore was designated as an executive officer of the Company. Based on his executive officer status at December 31, 2020, and his compensation for the year ended December 31, 2020, he is an NEO for 2020.

 

44    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


 

COVID-19 Related Actions: In April 2020, the Company’s executive officers voluntarily agreed to temporary reductions in base salary in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and its potential impact on the Company’s business and industry. The Committee approved the voluntary pay reductions for the Company’s executive officers (as well as a 25% reduction in non-employee Director cash retainers for 2020, described in more detail on page 66) because they believed these actions would provide an early signal to the Company’s workforce of the executive team’s personal commitment to share the financial burden facing the organization. Each of the Company’s executive officers at such time agreed to forego a percentage of the cash compensation that would otherwise be payable to them as regular salary commencing with the May 4, 2020 pay period and continuing through December 31, 2020. The reductions in base salary for our NEOs were as follows: Mr. Barry (20% reduction); Messrs. Link and Harbaugh (15% reduction); and Messrs. Sisitsky and Vitale (10% reduction). As a result, the amounts reflected in the “Summary Compensation Table” below for 2020 Salary for our NEOs are lower than the base salary rates set forth in the table above, except for Mr. Calafiore who was not an executive officer at the time the reductions were put in place.

 

2020 Annual Performance Bonus. In early February 2020, prior to any significant COVID-19 outbreaks in the U.S. or visibility to the pandemic that would be declared in March 2020, the Committee approved the terms of the 2020 annual performance bonus plan (the “2020 Bonus Plan”) under which our NEOs are eligible to receive a cash bonus based on the achievement of Company and individual performance goals. The Committee established an individual target bonus opportunity for each NEO based on peer group and survey data for similar positions, each executive officer’s role, including their ability to impact the Company’s overall performance, and internal pay equity among the executive officers. Consistent with the design of the 2019 annual performance bonus plan, the Committee approved a maximum bonus opportunity under the 2020 Bonus Plan at 200% of target.

The Committee also approved funding guidelines that include payout scenarios for various levels of Company financial performance. The Committee selected revenue (now captioned as “net sales” in Company financial reports) and non-GAAP operating margin as the performance metrics for the funding guidelines, each weighted equally, as the Committee believes these performance metrics closely align with both the Company’s short-term strategy and its long-term objective of creating sustainable stockholder value (which is consistent with stockholder feedback).

The Committee defined these metrics for purposes of the 2020 Bonus Plan as follows:

 

   

Revenue for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, calculated from the year-end financial statements, excluding the effect of currency fluctuations and financial impact of substantial acquisitions and divestitures that closed after January 1, 2020; and

 

   

Non-GAAP operating margin for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, calculated from the year-end financial statements (which includes the cost of payouts under the 2020 Bonus Plan), excluding the financial impact of substantial acquisitions and divestitures that close after January 1, 2020.

The purpose of these adjustments is to ensure the measurement of performance reflects factors that management can directly control and that payout levels are not artificially inflated or impaired by factors unrelated to the ongoing operation of the business. The Committee feels these definitions appropriately measure core revenue and operating margin performance.

Demonstration of Rigorous Performance Goal Setting: The chart below sets forth the threshold, target and maximum performance goals for the 2020 Bonus Plan established by the Committee in February 2020:

 

Metric ($ in millions)   

2019

Baseline (1)

     2020 Performance Goals      Increase over 2019 Actual  
   Threshold      Target      Maximum      Threshold      Target      Maximum  

Revenue

     $1,168        $1,191        $1,229        $1,276        +2.0%        +5.2%        +9.2%

Non-GAAP Operating Margin

     15.8%        15.8%        16.0%        17.0%        0 bps        20 bps        120 bps

 

(1)

2019 Baseline reflects financial results for 2019 based on the year-end financial statements included in the 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K.

 

45    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


In determining annual bonus payments for each NEO, the Committee considers individual and Company performance, as reflected in each executive’s leadership, business unit or functional achievements and results against goals and objectives. The evaluation of an executive’s performance relative to these considerations is inherently subjective and is not based on any mathematical calculation or formula; rather, it is based on the collective business experience and judgment of the Committee (and the Board, in the case of the CEO) to holistically consider the performance of each executive and his or her contribution to the overall success of the Company.

 

 

COVID-19 Related Actions: During 2020, as the Company developed updated financial and business plans based on the evolving impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Company, it became clear that the Company was likely to fall short of many of the financial and operational goals and objectives established at the beginning of 2020. In August 2020, the Committee discussed that, based on expectations for 2020 financial performance, the Company was unlikely to achieve the threshold performance goals for the 2020 Bonus Plan. Accordingly, management worked with the Committee to develop non-financial strategic objectives for the Company’s workforce for the remainder of 2020, so that “informed judgement” could be utilized when considering bonus plan funding for 2020. The Committee recognized that, notwithstanding COVID-19, the Company’s workforce continued to support patients, surgeons and hospitals and took a number of steps to navigate the challenges associated with the pandemic and better position the Company for long-term success. These objectives, which focused on employee safety, technology innovation and global operations, were designed to align and focus the workforce in key areas, while recognizing the continued financial and business uncertainty due to COVID-19.

 

In February 2021, the Committee (and the Board, in the case of the CEO) reviewed the Company’s financial and business performance and approved payouts under the 2020 Bonus Plan. While the Company overcame significant headwinds from the COVID-19 global pandemic to deliver net sales of $1.051 billion and non-GAAP operating margin of 11.1% for 2020, the Company’s financial performance fell short of the threshold performance goals approved by the Committee for the 2020 Bonus Plan.

The Committee evaluated the Company’s performance relative to the non-financial strategic objectives that were set mid-year for employee safety, technology innovation and global operations. The Committee also took into consideration that 2020 net sales declined 10.1% compared to 2019 driven by lower surgery volumes and deferred elective procedures around the world as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on these factors, the Committee approved funding of the 2020 Bonus Plan at 65% of target. The Committee believes that funding the 2020 Bonus Plan at 65% of target recognizes the Company’s accomplishments relative to such non-financial strategic objectives, and provides an appropriate level of support to employees given the hardships they faced in 2020, recognizes employees for navigating the challenges associated with the COVID-19 pandemic to preserve and strengthen the business, and provides goodwill and motivation needed to retain the workforce, which is in the best interest of Company stockholders. The following table summarizes the accomplishments used to assess performance relative to the non-financial strategic goals for the 2020 Bonus Plan:

 

Informed Judgement
Component
  Criteria    Accomplishments

Employee

Safety

  100% training completion on COVID-19 office protocols   

  Conducted risk assessments for all NuVasive sites

  Site-specific safety protocols implemented at global locations to help mitigate risk of workplace transmissions of COVID-19

  100% of onsite employees trained on workplace safety protocols

  Executed ‘track-trace-notify’ for all reported positive cases within 24 hours of known status

  Established employee resource portal – key communications, Company policies, FAQs, benefit resources, etc.

  Secured and distributed appropriate personal protective equipment across the organization to protect employee safety and mitigate risk of transmission

 

Technology Innovation   Complete key milestones for Pulse system   

  Completed software integration activities

  Finalized design transfer plan

  Established commercialization plan

 

 

46    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


Informed Judgement
Component
  Criteria    Accomplishments

Global

Operations

  Continue to offer the best customer experience possible with on time fulfillment   

  Realigned shipping teams and updated processes in our Memphis distribution facility to improve fulfillment, driving greater than 80% on time fulfillment in 2020 with plans to further improve in 2021

  Implemented redefined sales and operations planning processes

  Expanded planning and control tower system to improve planning and procurement activities for capital assets to align with demand

 

For 2020, the Committee determined that each NEO performed at a high level and contributed to the Company’s response to COVID-19 and the Company’s performance for the year. For each of Messrs. Calafiore, Sisitsky and Link, the Committee approved payouts under the 2020 Bonus Plan at the 65% bonus funding level, and based on the recommendation of the Committee, the Board also approved a 2020 bonus payout for Mr. Barry at 65%. For Mr. Harbaugh and Mr. Vitale, the Committee approved payouts under the 2020 Bonus Plan at 70% of target, taking into account their individual performance during the year. For Mr. Harbaugh, the Committee recognized his efforts to solidify the Company’s financial foundation and provide greater flexibility to mitigate potential financial and business risks related to COVID-19, including by raising additional capital and amending the terms of the Company’s credit facility to provide greater borrowing capacity. For Mr. Vitale, the Committee recognized his leadership of the Company’s COVID-19 task force, including his actions to shape the Company’s response to the pandemic and focus on employee safety, as well as his efforts on organizational design and talent management, which is helping strengthen the Company’s commercial leadership and customer engagement capabilities.

The following table sets forth the bonus target and actual cash bonuses paid to each NEO under the 2020 Bonus Plan:

 

      2020
Annual Base
Salary Rate(1)
   2020 Target
Cash Bonus(1)
(% of Base  Salary)
 

2020 Target

Cash Bonus
Amount

  

2020 Actual

Cash Bonus
Amount ($)

   2020 Actual
Cash Bonus
Amount
(% of Target)

J. Christopher Barry

     $  850,000        125 %     $ 1,062,500      $ 690,625        65 %

Matthew K. Harbaugh

     $ 525,000        90 %     $ 472,500      $ 330,743        70 %

Massimo Calafiore(2)

     $ 420,000        75 %     $ 265,463      $ 172,563        65 %

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

     $ 390,125        60 %     $ 234,075      $ 152,149        65 %

Lucas Vitale

     $ 353,600        60 %     $ 212,160      $ 148,509        70 %

Matthew W. Link

     $ 533,025        90 %     $ 479,723      $ 311,820        65 %

 

(1)

Reflects annual base salary rate and target cash bonus as a percentage of base salary in effect on December 31, 2020, without regard to the voluntary reduction in compensation in light of COVID-19 discussed above.

 

(2)

Mr. Calafiore was promoted to the role of Executive Vice President, Global Business Units, effective October 14, 2020, and in connection with such promotion, his bonus target as a percentage of base salary was increased from 60% to 75%. The 2020 target cash bonus amount for Mr. Calafiore reflects this new bonus target, pro-rated based on his time in the new role.

2020 Long-Term Incentive Awards – Annual Grant. To directly align LTI awards with stockholder value creation while managing our burn rate and dilution, the Committee awarded 2020 LTI awards to NEOs in RSUs (50% of total target award value), PRSUs (25% of total target award value) and performance cash awards (25% of total target award value). The following table summarizes the annual 2020 LTI awards for the NEOs:

 

    

Total

2020 LTI Target
Award Value ($)(1)

  RSUs(1)(2)    PRSUs(1)(2)(3)    Performance
Cash(1)(4) ($)
     ($)    (# of shares)    ($)    (# of shares)

J. Christopher Barry

     $ 4,500,000     $ 2,250,000        34,284      $ 1,125,000        17,142      $ 1,125,000

Matthew K. Harbaugh

     $ 1,600,000     $  800,000        12,190      $  400,000        6,095      $  400,000

Massimo Calafiore

     $  650,000     $  325,000        4,953      $  162,500        2,477      $  162,500

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

     $  700,000     $  350,000        5,333      $  175,000        2,667      $  175,000

Lucas Vitale

     $  650,000     $  325,000        4,953      $  162,500        2,477      $  162,500

Matthew W. Link

     $ 1,600,000     $  800,000        12,190      $  400,000        6,095      $  400,000

 

(1)

The LTI grant values represent the economic value on the date of grant, and for performance-based awards, assumes a payout at target. It does not reflect the accounting value under FASB ASC Topic 718, which may differ. The LTI grant values computed

 

47    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


 

in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 718 can be found in the Summary Compensation Table. The 2020 RSU and PRSU awards were made pursuant to the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan of NuVasive, Inc. (the “2014 Equity Incentive Plan”). The 2020 performance cash awards were made pursuant to the 2014 Executive Incentive Compensation Plan of NuVasive, Inc.

 

(2)

The annual 2020 LTI awards were granted on March 2, 2020. The number of RSUs and PRSUs was determined by dividing the economic value by the closing stock price on the date of grant ($65.63 per share). Any resulting fractional share was rounded up to the nearest whole share.

 

(3)

Reflects the target number of shares subject to PRSUs, assuming all performance goals and other requirements are met. As described below, the PRSUs earned will range from 0%—200% of target based on the achievement of performance goals, with payment in shares following the conclusion of the three-year performance period.

 

(4)

Reflects the target cash value, assuming all performance goals and other requirements are met. As described below, the performance cash award earned will range from 0%—200% of target based on the achievement of performance goals, with payment in cash following the conclusion of the three-year performance period.

The table below sets forth the 2020 LTI award type, purpose, performance goals and vesting terms. Each of the 2020 LTI awards described below cliff vest on March 1, 2023, subject to the NEO’s continued service with the Company, satisfaction of the applicable performance conditions, and compliance with the terms of the grant agreement.

 

 
2020 LTI Award Types
LTI Award Type    Purpose    Performance Goal    Vesting Terms
RSUs
(50% of total target value)
   Retain and motivate executives to drive long-term stockholder value while feeling personally invested in the business    Not applicable; time-based    Three-year cliff vest in 2023
PRSUs
(25% of total target value)
   Reward executives for the achievement of multi-year performance goals   

Non-GAAP Operating

Margin Expansion over

the three year period

2020 - 2022

   Three-year cliff vest in 2023 with opportunity that ranges from
0 – 200% of target
Performance Cash
(25% of total target value)
   Reward executives for the achievement of multi-year performance goals   

Net Sales Growth over

each of the three years

2020, 2021 and 2022

   Three-year cliff vest in 2023 with opportunity that ranges from
0 – 200% of target

The Committee selected non-GAAP operating margin expansion and net sales growth as the performance metrics for the 2020 LTI awards because they are aligned with the Company’s operating plan and the financial objectives communicated to stockholders, which focus on above-market revenue growth while driving improved profitability. The Committee also believes that they are important drivers of long-term stockholder value creation.

Vesting and Payout of 2018 Performance-Based Long-Term Incentive Awards

In April 2018, as part of the annual LTI award, each of Messrs. Calafiore, Sisitsky, Link and Vitale was granted (i) a time-based RSU award with three-year cliff vesting, (ii) a PRSU award with a performance condition based on the Company’s improvement in non-GAAP operating margin over the three-year period ending December 31, 2020, and (iii) a performance cash award with a performance condition based on the Company’s growth in revenue over the three-year period ending December 31, 2020. For the 2018 PRSU awards and 2018 performance cash awards, attainment of the associated performance metric is measured separately for each calendar year during the three-year measurement period, with the first year weighted at 50 percent, the second year weighted at 30 percent and the third year weighted at 20 percent. The table below sets forth the performance goals and payout levels at threshold, target, and maximum for the 2018 PRSU awards and 2018 performance cash awards.

 

     Metric(1)   Annual Performance Goals   Annual Performance Multiplier

2018 Annual LTI

Award Type

  Threshold      Target   Maximum   Threshold   Target   Maximum

2018 PRSU

   Annual non-GAAP
operating margin basis
improvement (1)
    0 bps      100 bps   175 bps   0%   100%   200%

2018 Performance Cash

   Annual revenue growth     +0.0%      +5.0%   +8.0%   0%   100%   200%

 

(1)

Achievements between threshold and maximum are based on a linear interpolation between points along the funding curve.

 

48    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


The table below sets forth the Company’s performance relative to the performance conditions for the 2018 PRSU awards and 2018 performance cash awards for each of the years ended December 31, 2018, 2019 and 2020, in each case calculated in accordance with the terms of the LTI award agreements. Based on such performance, the calculated payout for the 2018 PRSU awards was 21% of target and the calculated payout for the 2018 performance cash awards was 98% of target.

 

2018 Annual LTI

Award Type

   2018 (weighted 50%)   2019 (weighted 30%)   2020 (weighted 20%)   Aggregate
Payout
2018 PRSU(1)    Op Margin
Improvement
  Perf Mult

%

  Op Margin
Improvement
  Perf Mult

%

  Op Margin
Improvement
  Perf Mult

%

  Payout
%
   < 0 bps   0.00%   70 bps   70%   < 0 bps   0.00%   21%
2018 Performance Cash(2)    Revenue
Growth
  Payout

%

  Revenue
Growth
  Payout

%

  Revenue
Growth
  Payout

%

  Payout
%
   5.16%   105%   6.53%   151%   < 0.00%   0.00%   98%

 

 

(1)

Reflects non-GAAP operating margin improvement, measured in basis points, compared to the prior year as calculated based on the Company’s annual non-GAAP operating margin determined in accordance with the PRSU award agreement.

 

(2)

Reflects revenue growth, measured as a percentage, compared to the prior year as calculated based on the Company’s annual revenue determined in accordance with the performance cash award agreement.

The table below sets forth, for each of Messrs. Calafiore, Sisitsky, Vitale and Link, the award target and award payout for the PRSU awards and performance cash awards granted as part of the 2018 annual LTI awards. In accordance with the terms for the 2018 annual LTI awards, which provide for three-year cliff vesting, these awards will vest and be payable on April 30, 2021.

 

     

2018 PRSU
Award Target

(# Shares)

  

2018 PRSU
Award Payout

(# Shares)

   2018 Performance
Cash Award
Target ($)
  

2018 Performance Cash
Award

Payout ($)

Massimo Calafiore

       2,350        494      $ 125,000      $ 122,500

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

       1,128        237      $ 60,000      $ 58,800

Lucas Vitale

       1,527        321      $ 81,250      $ 79,625

Matthew W. Link

       5,639        1,185      $ 300,000      $ 294,000

In December 2018, following Mr. Barry’s appointment as CEO and in connection with Mr. Link’s appointment to serve as the Company’s President, Strategy, Technology and Corporate Development, Mr. Link was granted a time-based RSU award with three-year cliff vesting and a performance cash award with 18-month cliff vesting subject to performance conditions based on operational goals. The performance cash award was granted with a target value of $1,250,000, and subject to vesting on June 3, 2020 with a payout range of between 0%-100% of the target value. The Committee reviewed Mr. Link’s performance relative to the goals established for the award and approved the payout of the performance cash award at 100% of target, $1,250,000.

Responsible Share Usage

As illustrated in the chart below, the Company’s annual share usage rate has remained below 2% since stockholders approved the 2014 Equity Incentive Plan.

 

Annual Share Usage Rate
2016    2017    2018    2019    2020
1.85%    1.14%    1.63%    1.16%    1.08%

 

(1)

Share Usage Rate is defined as the ratio of the target number of shares subject to equity awards granted in the calendar year (i.e., the number of shares that would be issued at target level for performance-based equity incentives) to the weighted average shares outstanding (basic) at the end of such year.

Other Elements of the Executive Compensation Program

Perquisites and Other Benefits. Our NEOs participate in our benefit plans on the same terms as our other employees, which include the Company’s 401(k) plan and medical and dental insurance. In addition to these benefits, executives may be provided with certain other incidental benefits (including participation in an executive healthcare program and financial planning benefit) that do not comprise a material portion of any executive’s compensation package. We generally do not provide significant recurring perquisites to the

 

49    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


executives that are not available to our other employees. We do not provide tax gross-ups to our executives for perquisites or if excise taxes are incurred following a qualifying termination in connection with a change in control.

We do not provide defined benefit pension arrangements or post-retirement health coverage for our U.S. executives or employees. Our NEOs are eligible to participate in our 401(k) defined contribution plan. For all U.S. employees, including our NEOs, we provide a company matching contribution to help attract and retain top talent as well as support our employees’ retirement readiness. For 2020, we increased the Company match from up to 3.0% of compensation to up to 4.0% of compensation. In 2020, as part of an effort to control expenses during the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company temporarily suspended the 401(k) match program for all employees. The Company reinstated the 401(k) match effective for pay periods on or after January 1, 2021.

We also offer participation in a Deferred Compensation Plan, which is a non-qualified defined contribution plan that provides for the voluntary deferral of cash compensation for individuals holding a position of Vice President or higher, as well as non-employee members of the Board. Eligible employees may defer up to 75% of base salary and/or up to 100% of their annual bonus into the plan, and contributions may be directed into a selection of underlying investment funds. Non-employee members of the Board may defer all or a portion of their cash retainer into the plan. None of our NEOs elected to participate in our Deferred Compensation Plan for 2020.

Our NEOs may participate in our Employee Stock Purchase Plan, which is available to all our employees, pursuant to which they may purchase shares of our common stock at a discount to market prices (but within limits of Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code). Additionally, our executive travel and expense policy sets forth guidelines for our NEOs with respect to reimbursable expenses and generally requires: (i) a business purpose for business meals reimbursed by the Company, and (ii) that personal aspects of business travel (other than incidental meals and other expenses) be paid by the executive.

Attributed costs of the personal benefits described above for the NEOs for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, if required to be disclosed, are included in the column captioned “All Other Compensation” of the “Summary Compensation Table” below.

Equity Grant Practices. The Company’s practice is to grant annual equity awards to eligible employees, including our NEOs, during the first quarter of the year. The grant date for the Company’s annual LTI award is approved by the Committee well in advance of the date of grant. In the event of grants related to new hires or other off-cycle awards, the grants are generally made on the first trading day of the month following approval of the award.

Stock Ownership Guidelines. All of our non-employee Directors, our CEO, and individuals holding a position of Vice President or higher, are subject to stock ownership guidelines, which form a part of our Corporate Governance Guidelines. The table below sets forth the 2020 stock ownership guidelines.

 

Stock Ownership Guidelines

Target Multiple
(as a multiple of base salary or
Director base retainer).
  

• Board Members: 5.0x

• Chief Executive Officer: 5.0x

• President and Executive Vice Presidents: 2.0x

• Senior Vice Presidents and Vice Presidents: 1.0x

Awards that Count   

• Shares owned outright

• Unvested time-based RSUs

• In-the-money value of vested and unvested stock options

Time to Achieve   

• Within 5 years of becoming subject to the guidelines

Each of Messrs. Barry, Calafiore, Link, Sisitsky and Vitale have achieved their stock ownership target. Mr. Harbaugh, who joined the Company on January 1, 2020, has until January 1, 2025 to achieve a 2.0x stock ownership target multiple in accordance with the stock ownership guidelines.

 

50    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


Holding Periods on Employee Stock Purchase Plan (ESPP) Purchases. Shares purchased through the ESPP by eligible employees, including our NEOs, must be held for a minimum of six months. This policy applies to all ESPP purchases made after November 1, 2014 and is in addition to the share ownership guidelines described above.

Clawback Policy. The Board has adopted the NuVasive Incentive Compensation Recoupment Policy, under which our Board has authority to recover excess executive officer incentive compensation cash and equity awards in the event of a material restatement of our financial statements. We believe that our strong financial controls provide a substantial safeguard against the risk of a financial restatement. However, if an extraordinary event were to occur and require a material restatement of the Company’s financial performance, the Committee is authorized to seek recovery of executive officer compensation achieved based upon any misstated financial information.

Trading Controls and Anti-Hedging and Anti-Pledging Policies. Executive officers, including our NEOs, are required to pre-clear transactions in Company securities with the Company’s legal department. Generally, trading is permitted only during scheduled trading windows. Our NEOs may enter into a trading plan under Rule 10b5-1 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These trading plans may be entered into only during an open trading window, must be approved by the Company‘s legal department and must include a waiting period prior to commencement of trading under the plan. The NEO bears the full responsibility if he or she violates the Company policy by permitting shares to be bought or sold without pre-clearance or when trading is restricted.

In addition, the Company prohibits its Directors, officers and other employees from (i) purchasing financial instruments (including prepaid variable forward contracts, equity swaps, collars and exchange funds) that are designed to hedge or offset any decrease in the market value of equity securities, or (ii) otherwise engage in transactions that are designed to or have the effect of hedging or offsetting any decrease in the market value of equity securities that are granted to an employee or Director as compensation (or any designee of such employee or Director) or held, directly or indirectly by, an employee or Director. Further, the Company prohibits its Directors, officers and other employees from pledging Company securities as collateral for margin loans.

Annual Risk Assessment. The Committee oversees an annual risk assessment of the Company’s compensation programs to determine whether such programs are reasonably likely to have a material adverse effect on the Company. For 2020, the Committee concluded that compensation programs were appropriately balanced to mitigate compensation-related risk with cash and stock elements, financial and non-financial goals, formal goals and discretion, and short-term and long-term rewards. The Company also has policies to mitigate compensation-related risk, including stock ownership guidelines, clawback provisions and prohibitions on employee pledging and hedging activities. Furthermore, the Committee believes the Company’s policies on ethics and compliance along with its internal controls also mitigate against unnecessary or excessive risk taking.

Employment Letters and Consulting Agreements

Letter Agreement (J. Christopher Barry). During 2018, the Board undertook a comprehensive leadership development and succession planning process to identify the right leader to take NuVasive into the next phase of growth. After a robust and competitive process, the Board named Mr. Barry as CEO. On October 16, 2018, the Company entered into a Letter Agreement (the “Barry Agreement”) with Mr. Barry to serve as the Company’s CEO. The Barry Agreement set out certain terms of Mr. Barry’s new hire employment package, including an initial annual base salary of $800,000 and a bonus target opportunity for 2019 equal to 125% of base salary. The Barry Agreement also provided for eligibility for 2019 LTI awards with an aggregate grant date value of $4,000,000. In addition, the Barry Agreement provided for a one-time cash award of $500,000 which was payable in April 2019 and a one-time new hire LTI award with an aggregate grant date value of $4,500,000, both of which were intended to replace a portion of the value of short- and long-term incentive awards that Mr. Barry forfeited upon leaving his former employer to join the Company. The one-time new hire LTI award was granted on November 5, 2018 and was comprised of (i) $2,000,000 of RSUs subject to two-year ratable vesting on each of the first and second anniversaries of the date of grant and (ii) $2,500,000 of PRSUs subject to cliff vesting on the third anniversary of the date of grant. Upon vesting, the PRSUs will be subject to payout between 0%-100% of the target number of

 

51    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


shares subject thereto based on the level of year-over-year improvement in the Company’s non-GAAP diluted earnings per share (EPS) during the three-year performance period, as calculated for the 12-month period ended on September 30 of each year. Vesting of the PRSUs and RSUs will be subject to Mr. Barry’s continued service with the Company and compliance with the terms of the grant agreements and the Company’s 2014 Equity Incentive Plan. The Barry Agreement also provides for standard relocation benefits, severance benefits, health and welfare benefits, and other benefits afforded to the Company’s employees and executives. The cash award and relocation benefits were subject to a benefits repayment obligation in the event of Mr. Barry’s voluntary termination other than for “good reason” or termination by the Company for “cause” prior to November 5, 2020. If such a termination event occurred during the first 12 months of employment, Mr. Barry would have been obligated to repay 100% of such benefits, and if such a termination event occurred during the second 12 months of employment, Mr. Barry would have been obligated to repay 50% of such benefits. The foregoing information is a summary of select terms from agreements entered into with Mr. Barry, is not complete, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the pertinent text of the pertinent agreements, copies of which have been filed with the SEC in Current Reports on Form 8-K or an exhibit to the respective Quarterly Filing on Form 10-Q, as appropriate.

Letter Agreement (Matthew K. Harbaugh). On December 27, 2019, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Harbaugh Agreement”) with Mr. Harbaugh with respect to his employment, compensation and benefits as Executive Vice President, Chief Financial Officer. Mr. Harbaugh’s initial base salary was set at $525,000 annually, with eligibility to receive an annual bonus payment for 2020 at a target level of $472,500 (90% of base salary). Mr. Harbaugh received a one-time LTI award, granted on January 2, 2020, comprised of RSUs with an aggregate grant date value of $100,000 and subject to cliff vesting on January 1, 2023. The Harbaugh Agreement also provided that Mr. Harbaugh would be eligible for a 2020 annual LTI award with a grant date target value of $1,600,000. The Harbaugh Agreement also provides for other health, welfare, relocation and financial benefits provided to Company executives, including participation in the Company’s Amended and Restated Executive Severance Plan. The foregoing information is a summary of select terms from agreements entered into with Mr. Harbaugh, is not complete, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the pertinent text of the pertinent agreements, copies of which have been filed with the SEC in Current Reports on Form 8-K or an exhibit to the respective Quarterly Filing on Form 10-Q, as appropriate.

Letter Agreement (Massimo Calafiore). On October 14, 2020, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Calafiore Agreement”) with Mr. Calafiore in connection with his promotion to the role of Executive Vice President, Global Business Units. Through October 14, 2020, Mr. Calafiore served as the Company’s Senior Vice President, Spine Business Unit. The Calafiore Agreement provides that Mr. Calafiore’s base salary would remain $420,000 per year for the remainder of 2020 (subject to review in 2021), but that his target bonus opportunity would be increased from 60% of base salary to 75% of base salary (with Mr. Calafiore’s bonus opportunity for 2020 pro-rated based on the length of time in each role). In addition, the Calafiore Agreement provides that for 2021, Mr. Calafiore’s annual LTI award target would be $900,000, compared to $650,000 for 2020. The Calafiore Agreement also provides for continued eligibility for other Company benefits, including increased change in control benefits as an Executive Vice President, as discussed further below. The foregoing information is a summary of select terms from agreements entered into with Mr. Calafiore, is not complete, and is qualified in its entirety by reference to the pertinent text of the pertinent agreements, copies of which have been filed with the SEC in Current Reports on Form 8-K or an exhibit to the respective Quarterly Filing on Form 10-Q, as appropriate.

Letter Agreements; Consulting Agreement (Matthew W. Link). On October 17, 2018, the Company entered into a letter agreement (the “Link Agreement”) with Mr. Link to serve as the Company’s President, Strategy, Technology and Corporate Development. The Link Agreement provided that Mr. Link’s base salary would be $500,000 per year and that Mr. Link would be eligible to participate in the Company’s annual bonus plan with a target bonus opportunity of 90% of base salary. Mr. Link received a one-time LTI award, granted on December 3, 2018, with an aggregate grant date value of $2,500,000, comprised of (i) $1,250,000 of time-based RSUs subject to cliff vesting on the third anniversary of the date of grant, and (ii) $1,250,000 of performance cash awards subject to cliff vesting on the 18-month anniversary of the date of grant. Upon vesting, the performance cash awards were subject to payout between 0%-100% of target based on the level of achievement of performance conditions related to certain operational goals, as discussed above. The Link Agreement also provided for continued eligibility for grants of LTI awards and other Company benefits. The Link Agreement was not amended when Mr. Link assumed the role of President in January 2019.

 

52    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


On October 14, 2020, the Company announced a new organizational structure that included changes to its commercial and business unit structure. Under the new organizational structure, the role of President, which had oversight responsibilities for the commercial organization and the Company’s business units, was eliminated. On October 13, 2020, the Company entered into a new letter agreement (the “2020 Link Agreement”) with Mr. Link with respect to his transition from the role of President. The 2020 Link Agreement set forth the terms of Mr. Link’s transition from the role of President effective October 13, 2020, and his continued employment with the Company in an advisory role through December 31, 2020 to assist with the transition of responsibilities. Through December 31, 2020, Mr. Link continued to be paid salary at his current rate (which, after the executive compensation reductions related to the COVID-19 pandemic, was $453,071 annually) and remained eligible for all Company health, welfare and other benefits. Effective December 31, 2020, in accordance with the Company’s Amended and Restated Executive Severance Plan, Mr. Link was eligible to receive, in exchange for a general release of claims against the Company, the payment of (i) 12 months of annual base salary, (ii) an annual performance bonus for the year ended December 31, 2020, payable in March 2021 at the lesser of target or Board-approved performance, (iii) an amount equal to the after-tax cost of health benefits for a period of 12 months, and (iv) outplacement services. The Company also entered into a general consulting and services agreement (the “Link Consulting Agreement”) with Mr. Link, which establishes the terms of his engagement as a consultant. The Link Consulting Agreement provides that Mr. Link will provide consulting services to the Company from January 1, 2021 through March 31, 2021, for which he will receive monthly compensation of $20,000.

On October 13, 2020, Mr. Link also entered into an amendment to his existing Propriety Information, Inventions Assignment and Restrictive Covenant Agreement with the Company (the “Amended PIIA”), which provides that certain restrictive covenants, including non-competition and non-solicitation restrictions, shall continue through December 31, 2022. The Amended PIIA is intended to comply with, and be enforceable under, applicable California law. In consideration for entering into the Amended PIIA, the Company agreed to modify the terms of certain LTI awards previously granted to Mr. Link. Mr. Link’s RSU awards, PRSU awards and performance cash awards that are subject to vesting during the two-year period ending December 31, 2022, were modified such that any and all service vesting conditions for such awards for such period are waived; provided, however, that such awards shall remain subject to and conditioned on satisfaction of any and all applicable financial performance conditions and the Amended PIIA and such modification shall not shorten any performance period applicable to such awards or accelerate the settlement date of any such awards prior to the end of the performance period. Mr. Link agreed to deposit any shares and cash issuable upon vesting of such LTI awards into an escrow account to secure his obligations under the Amended PIIA, which will be released to Mr. Link at the end of the restricted period subject to his compliance with the terms of the Amended PIIA.

Executive Severance Plan

The Company maintains the NuVasive, Inc. Amended and Restated Executive Severance Plan (the “Executive Severance Plan”), which is designed to cover the CEO and all of the Company’s other NEOs (as well as certain other executives as designated by the Committee). The Executive Severance Plan provides certain severance benefits upon an involuntary termination of employment by the Company that is not for cause (as defined in the Executive Severance Plan), including in the event of a position elimination. Executive Severance Plan benefits are not provided in the event of termination of employment due to retirement, death or disability. Furthermore, no benefits are provided under the Executive Severance Plan in any situation in which the executive is provided with severance benefits under any change in control agreement in connection with such a transaction.

Pursuant to the Executive Severance Plan, benefits for plan-participating executives other than our CEO consist of customary outplacement assistance and a cash payment equal to the sum of (i) the executive’s annual base salary and (ii) the after-tax cost of health benefits for a period of one year from the date of termination of employment. Severance benefits also include a pro-rata annual bonus payment for the year in which termination of employment occurs (based on service from the beginning of the year until the date of termination of employment) based on the lesser of his/her annual incentive bonus target for the year in which the termination of employment occurs or actual performance for the relevant performance period. The Executive Severance Plan provides benefits specific to the CEO that include customary outplacement assistance and a cash severance payment equal to the sum of: (i) two times the sum of his/her annual base salary and annual target incentive bonus in effect for the calendar year in which the

 

53    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


termination of employment occurs and (ii) the after-tax cost of health benefits for a period of two years from the date of termination of employment. Severance benefits also include a pro rata annual bonus payment for the year in which termination of employment occurs (based on service from the beginning of the year until the date of termination of employment) based on actual performance for the relevant performance period. All severance benefits under the Executive Severance Plan are conditioned upon the executive providing an effective release of claims against the Company.

The specific amounts of compensation payable to each NEO upon the occurrence of different potential employment termination events are shown in the tables below under the caption “Executive Compensation—Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control.”

Change in Control Arrangements

We believe that severance protection for our executives following a change in control provides several important benefits to us:

 

   

It permits an executive to evaluate a potential change in control while relatively free of concern for the executive’s own situation or the need to seek employment elsewhere;

 

   

Change in control transactions take time to unfold, and a stable management team can help preserve our operations either to enhance the value delivered to a buyer in the transaction or, if no transaction is consummated, to ensure that our business will continue without undue disruption; and

 

   

Change in control protections encourage management to consider, on an ongoing basis, whether a strategic transaction might be advantageous to our stockholders, even one that would vest control of the Company in a third party.

The Company has entered into a change in control agreement (the “Change in Control Agreement”) with the CEO and the Company’s other NEOs (as well as certain other executives as designated by the Committee).

The Change in Control Agreement requires a “double-trigger” for the executive to be eligible for benefits under the agreement. First, there must be a change in control of the Company (as defined in the Change in Control Agreement). Second, the executive’s employment must be involuntarily terminated by the Company for reasons other than death, disability or cause (as defined in the Change in Control Agreement) or by the executive for good reason (as defined in the Change in Control Agreement) either in contemplation of the change in control or within a period of 24 months following the change in control.

The benefits for the NEOs under the Change in Control Agreement consist of (i) a lump-sum cash severance payment; (ii) full vesting of all Company equity and LTI awards granted to the executive to the extent vesting is based on service with the Company; and (iii) the right to exercise all outstanding stock options or stock appreciation rights until the later of 24 months following the executive officer’s separation from service or such later date as may be applicable under the terms of the award agreement, but by no later than the end of the maximum full term of the award; provided, however, that, if any stock option or stock appreciation right is cashed-out in connection with a change in control, the executive officer will receive a lump-sum cash payment equal to the time value of the right to exercise those awards for that period (based on the Black Scholes option pricing model). As of December 31, 2020, the Change in Control Agreement with each of Messrs. Barry, Calafiore, Harbaugh and Link provided for lump-sum cash severance payments equal to the sum of (A) two times the sum of the executive’s annual base salary plus the greater of the executive’s target annual bonus for the year of termination or the highest of the three annual bonuses paid to the executive prior to the termination of employment; (B) a pro rata portion (based on the number of full and partial months in the calendar year prior to the executive’s termination date but not exceeding six months’ worth) of the highest grant date fair value of the long-term cash and/or equity awards granted to the executive over the three calendar year period prior to the calendar year of the termination of employment; (C) the after-tax cost of continued participation in the Company’s benefit plans for a period of 24 months; and (D) a pro rata portion (based on the number of full and partial months in the calendar year prior to the executive’s termination date) of the greater of the executive’s target annual bonus for the year of termination or the highest of the three annual bonuses paid to the executive prior to the termination of employment. For Messrs. Sisitsky and Vitale, the lump-sum cash severance payment is equal to the sum of

 

54    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


(A) 1.5 times the sum of the executive’s annual base salary plus the greater of the executive’s target annual bonus for the year of termination or the highest of the three annual bonuses paid to the executive prior to the termination of employment; (B) the after-tax cost of continued participation in the Company’s benefit plans for a period of 24 months; and (C) a pro rata portion (based on the number of full and partial months in the calendar year prior to the executive’s termination date) of the greater of the executive’s target annual bonus for the year of termination or the highest of the three annual bonuses paid to the executive prior to the termination of employment.

The specific amounts of compensation, if any, payable to each applicable NEO upon a qualifying termination in connection with a change in control are shown in the tables below under the caption “Executive Compensation—Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control.”

Effect of Tax and Accounting Considerations on Compensation Design

Section 162(m) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (“Section 162(m)”), historically limited the deductibility by the Company of compensation paid to certain executive officers that did not qualify as “performance-based” to more than $1,000,000 paid in any one year. As a result of the U.S federal tax law reforms adopted in December 2017, the exemption from the Section 162(m) deduction limit for performance-based compensation has been repealed, effective for taxable years beginning after December 31, 2017, such that compensation paid to our covered executive officers in excess of $1,000,000 will not be deductible unless it qualifies for transition relief applicable to certain arrangements in place as of November 2, 2017. Because of ambiguities and uncertainties as to the application and interpretation of Section 162(m) and the regulations issued thereunder, no assurance can be given that compensation intended to satisfy the requirements for exemption from Section 162(m) (or comparable provisions of state and local tax codes) in fact will.

While the Committee considers the deductibility of awards as one factor in determining executive compensation, the Committee also looks at other factors in making its decisions, as noted above, and retains the flexibility to award compensation that it determines to be consistent with the goals of our executive compensation program even if the awards are not deductible by NuVasive for tax purposes. Further, the Committee reserves the right to modify compensation that was initially intended to be exempt from Section 162(m) and comparable provisions of state and local tax codes if it determines that such modifications are consistent with NuVasive’s business needs.

Compensation Committee Report

The Committee has reviewed and discussed the Compensation Discussion and Analysis required by Item 402(b) of Regulation S-K with management. Based on these reviews and discussions, the Committee recommended to the Board that the Compensation Discussion and Analysis be included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K or the annual meeting Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A.

Daniel J. Wolterman (Chairperson)

Robert F. Friel

Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq.

Siddhartha C. Kadia, Ph.D.

The preceding “Compensation Committee Report” shall not be deemed to be “soliciting material” or “filed” with the SEC, nor shall any information in this report be incorporated by reference into any past or future filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, except to the extent the Company specifically incorporates it by reference into such filing.

Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation

During the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020, the following individuals served as members of the Compensation Committee: Daniel J. Wolterman (Chairperson), Robert F. Friel, Donald J. Rosenberg, Esq. and R. Scott Huennekens. At the time of their service as a member of the Compensation Committee, each of the foregoing individuals was a non-employee Director. No member of the Compensation Committee had a relationship that would constitute an interlocking relationship as defined by SEC rules for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

55    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  COMPENSATION DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS


 

LOGO

 

2021

 

Annual Meeting

of Stockholders

    

Executive Compensation

          

In this section of the Proxy Statement, we provide tabular disclosure regarding the compensation of our Named Executive Officers (“NEOs”), including information regarding their equity awards and potential payments they could receive upon termination of employment or upon a change in control of NuVasive. We also include below information about the ratio of CEO compensation to the compensation of our “median employee”.

2020 Summary Compensation Table

The following table shows for the annual periods ended December 31, 2020, 2019 and 2018, information concerning compensation awarded to, paid to, or earned by, the NEOs listed below.

 

Name and Principal
Position(1)
   Year    Salary($)      Bonus ($)     

Stock

Awards(2)($)

    

Non-Equity

Incentive Plan

Compensation(3)($)

    

All Other

Compensation(4)($)

     Total(5) ($)  

J. Christopher Barry(6)

   2020    $ 735,462             $ 3,375,088      $ 690,625      $ 17,831      $ 4,819,006  

CEO

   2019    $ 800,000             $ 3,000,024      $ 1,500,000      $ 125,411      $ 5,425,435  
     2018    $ 92,308      $ 500,000      $ 4,500,086             $ 23,880      $ 5,116,273  

Matthew K. Harbaugh(7)

   2020    $ 476,336             $ 1,300,057      $ 330,743      $ 209,477      $ 2,316,613  

EVP, CFO

                                                          

Massimo Calafiore(8)

   2020    $ 423,231      $ 215,000      $ 487,631      $ 295,063      $ 9,622      $ 1,430,547  

EVP, Global Business Units

                                                          

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky(9)

   2020    $ 364,825             $ 525,040      $ 210,949      $ 19,162      $ 1,119,976  

SVP, General Counsel

   2019    $ 372,212             $ 450,003      $ 301,597      $ 12,749      $ 1,136,561  

Lucas Vitale(10)

   2020    $ 330,668             $ 487,631      $ 228,134      $ 17,164      $ 1,063,597  

SVP, CHRO

                                                          

Matthew W. Link(11)

   2020    $ 480,983             $ 2,067,348      $ 1,855,820      $ 19,491      $ 4,423,642  

President (through Oct. 13)

   2019    $ 512,116             $ 1,125,038      $ 621,093      $ 11,817      $ 2,270,064  
     2018    $ 500,000             $ 2,150,150      $ 189,000      $ 13,062      $ 2,852,211  

 

(1)

As discussed above in the Compensation Discussion and Analysis (“CD&A”), Mr. Link ceased to serve as an executive officer as of October 13, 2020 in connection with his transition from the role of President, and Mr. Calafiore was designated as an executive officer as of October 14, 2020 in connection with his promotion to the role of SVP, Global Business Units.

 

(2)

Stock awards consist of restricted stock units (“RSUs”) and performance restricted stock units (“PRSUs”), as further described in the Grants of Plan-Based Awards Table. The amounts listed represent the grant date valuation of the awards computed in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 718 rather than an amount paid to or realized by the NEO. As described in the CD&A under the heading “2020 Long-Term Incentive Awards – Annual Grant,” each NEO received an annual long-term incentive (“LTI”) award comprised 50% of RSUs, 25% PRSUs and 25% performance cash awards. The PRSU values included above are based on the target number of shares subject to the PRSU awards. If the highest level of performance conditions are achieved, the PRSU values based on the maximum number of shares issuable to each NEO for 2020 are as follows: Mr. Barry – $2,250,059, Mr. Harbaugh – $800,030, Mr. Calafiore – $325,131, Mr. Sisitsky – $350,070, Mr. Vitale – $325,131, and Mr. Link – $800,030. For more information on how stock awards are valued, see Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 25, 2021.

 

(3)

Amounts in this column reflect cash bonuses paid under the Annual Performance Bonus Plan. In addition, for 2020, amounts include payments earned pursuant to performance cash awards granted on April 30, 2018 and subject to vesting and payment on April 30, 2021 based on performance relative to revenue growth targets for

 

56    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


 

2018-2020, as follows: Mr. Calafiore – $122,500, Mr. Sisitsky – $58,800, Mr. Vitale – $79,625, and Mr. Link – $294,000. For Mr. Link, 2020 also includes $1,250,000 earned pursuant to a performance cash award granted on December 3, 2018 and subject to vesting and payment on June 3, 2020 based on performance relative to achievement of performance conditions related to certain operational goals.

 

(4)

Amounts in this column represent matching contributions to our 401(k) plan and health savings accounts made on behalf of our NEOs, group term life insurance premiums, tax reimbursements associated with health benefits, financial and tax planning services, and other compensation described below in these footnotes.

 

(5)

Amounts in this column may not equal the sum of the amounts in each other column due to rounding.

 

(6)

For Mr. Barry, who joined NuVasive on November 5, 2018, Bonus in 2018 reflects a new hire cash award equal to $500,000 that was paid in April 2019. In addition to the items noted in footnote 4 above, “All Other Compensation” in 2020 for Mr. Barry includes $371 in non-taxable benefits related to spousal travel to attend business functions.

 

(7)

Mr. Harbaugh joined NuVasive on January 1, 2020. In addition to the items noted in footnote 5 above, “All Other Compensation” in 2020 for Mr. Harbaugh includes $194,764 in taxable relocation benefits.

 

(8)

Mr. Calafiore was not a named executive officer prior to 2020. For Mr. Calafiore, Bonus in 2020 reflects a bonus award granted to Mr. Calafiore in 2017 that was earned and paid in May 2020. The bonus award was granted as part of Mr. Calafiore’s new hire package when he joined the Company in 2017. In addition to the items noted in footnote 4 above, “All Other Compensation” in 2020 for Mr. Calafiore includes $2,200 for annual physical examination expenses.

 

(9)

Mr. Sisitsky was not a named executive officer prior to 2019. In addition to the items noted in footnote 4 above, “All Other Compensation” in 2020 for Mr. Sisitsky includes $2,200 for annual physical examination expenses.

 

(10)

Mr. Vitale was not a named executive officer prior to 2020.

 

(11)

Amounts for Stock Awards includes incremental compensation expense of $867,303 recorded by the Company in connection with modifications of certain equity-based awards previously granted to Mr. Link. As discussed above in the CD&A, the Company modified Mr. Link’s RSU awards, PRSU awards and performance cash awards that are subject to vesting during the two-year period ending December 31, 2022, such that any and all service vesting conditions for such awards for such period are waived. In addition to the items noted in footnote 4 above, “All Other Compensation” in 2020 for Mr. Link includes $2,200 for annual physical examination expenses. Following Mr. Link’s termination of employment, effective December 31, 2020, he is eligible for benefits in accordance with the Company’s Amended and Restated Executive Severance Plan, which are summarized below in the “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control” table for Mr. Link.

CEO Pay Ratio

Under rules promulgated by the SEC, companies are required to disclose the ratio of CEO compensation to the compensation of their “median employee”. As permitted by SEC rules, we identified our median employee using “annualized cash compensation,” which includes:

 

   

annualized base pay (which was calculated for both hourly or salaried employee based on the employee’s standard annual work hours, determined as of our December 31, 2020 determination date),

 

   

annualized target cash incentives (excluding commissions), and

 

   

actual commissions earned in 2020.

As we do not employ a material seasonal workforce only employees employed on the determination date are used to determine the median employee. Additionally, for annualized base pay and annualized target cash incentives, only the values in effect as of the determination date are utilized to determine the median employee. We do not believe this assumption has a material impact on the median employee identified or the resulting CEO pay ratio. For all compensation paid in currencies other than the U.S. Dollar, all values were converted to the U.S. Dollar using foreign currency exchange rates on December 31, 2020.

After identifying our median employee, we then calculated compensation for such median employee using the same methodology used to calculate compensation for our NEOs as reported in the 2020 Summary Compensation Table (the “SCT”) on page 56. On the SCT basis, the annual total compensation for the median employee for the 2020 fiscal year was $79,599. The median employee identified did not receive any stock-based compensation during the 2020 fiscal year.

 

   

The CEO’s annual total compensation for 2020, calculated as discussed above, was $4,819,006.

 

   

The resulting ratio of CEO pay to NuVasive’s median employee pay is 61:1.

 

57    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


Grants of Plan-Based Awards for 2020

The following table sets forth information regarding grants of LTI awards and potential cash payments made to our NEOs during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

Name  

Grant

Date

    Grant
Approval
Date
    Estimated Future Payouts Under
Non-Equity Incentive Plan Awards(1)
          Estimated Future Payouts Under
Equity Incentive Plan Awards(2)
   

All Other

Stock
Awards:

Number
of
Shares
of Stock
or Units
(#)

   

Grant Date

Fair Value

of Stock

Awards(3)

($)

 
  Threshold($)     Target($)     Maximum($)           Threshold(#)     Target(#)     Maximum(#)  
                                                                               

J. Christopher Barry

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 265,625 (4)    $ 1,062,500 (5)    $ 2,125,000 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $ 112,503     $ 1,125,029     $ 2,250,059                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           171       17,142       34,284             $1,125,029  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                             34,284       $2,250,059  
                                                                                         

Matthew K. Harbaugh

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 118,125 (4)    $ 472,500 (5)    $ 945,000 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $   40,001     $ 400,015     $ 800,030                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           61       6,095       12,190             $400,015  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                             12,190       $800,030  

- 2020 RSUs (new hire)(10)

    1/2/2020       12/27/2019                                             1,286       $100,012  
                                                                                         

Massimo Calafiore

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 66,366 (4)    $ 265,463 (5)    $ 530,926 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $ 16,257     $ 162,566     $ 325,131                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           25       2,477       4,954           $ 162,566  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                             4,953     $ 325,065  
                                                                                         

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 58,519 (4)    $ 234,075 (5)    $ 468,150 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $ 17,504     $ 175,035     $ 350,070                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           27       2,667       5,334           $ 175,035  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                             5,333     $ 350,005  
                                                                                         

Lucas Vitale

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 53,040 (4)    $ 212,160 (5)    $ 424,320 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $ 16,257     $ 162,566     $ 325,131                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           25       2,477       4,954           $ 162,566  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                             4,953     $ 325,065  
                                                                                         

Matthew W. Link

                     

- 2020 Annual Performance Bonus

              $ 119,931 (4)    $ 479,723 (5)    $ 959,445 (6)                                 

- 2020 Performance Cash(7)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020     $   40,001     $ 400,015     $ 800,030                                  

- 2020 Performance RSUs(8)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                           61       6,095       12,190           $ 400,015  

- 2020 RSUs(9)

    3/2/2020       2/5/2020                                                   12,190     $ 800,030  

 

(1)

Represents the hypothetical payments possible under our NEOs’ respective non-equity bonus awards. 2020 Annual Performance Bonus reflects potential cash payments under the 2020 Annual Performance Bonus Plan;

 

58    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


 

the amounts actually paid to our NEOs for 2020 are set forth above in the Summary Compensation Table under the heading “Non-Equity Incentive Plan Compensation.” 2020 Performance Cash reflects potential cash payments under performance cash awards granted as part of the 2020 annual LTI award, which cliff vest in 2023; no amounts were paid to our NEOs with respect to these awards for 2020.

 

(2)

Represents the hypothetical payments possible under our NEOs’ respective equity incentive awards as described in the CD&A under the heading “2020 Long-Term Incentive Awards—Annual Grant.” As described in the CD&A, each NEO received an annual LTI award comprised 50% of RSUs, 25% PRSUs and 25% performance cash awards.

 

(3)

The amounts represent the grant date valuation at target of the awards computed in accordance with the FASB ASC Topic 718. For more information, see Note 9 in the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on February 25, 2021.

 

(4)

The 2020 Annual Performance Bonus Plan awards are subject to performance conditions based on the level of revenue growth and improvement in non-GAAP operating margin during the year ended December 31, 2020. The Threshold payment is based upon 97% achievement of the revenue goal and failing to achieve at least 98.8% of the non-GAAP operating margin goal. Under this scenario and assuming the NEOs’ individual goals were achieved, our NEOs would earn 25% of their respective Target payment. If minimum performance levels are not achieved, payout could be zero.

 

(5)

The 2020 Annual Performance Bonus Plan awards are subject to performance conditions based on the level of revenue growth and improvement in non-GAAP operating margin during the year ended December 31, 2020. The Target payment is set as a percentage of the NEOs’ salary as discussed in the CD&A under the heading “2020 Annual Performance Bonus.”

 

(6)

The 2020 Annual Performance Bonus Plan awards are subject to performance conditions based on the level of revenue growth and improvement in non-GAAP operating margin during the year ended December 31, 2020. The Maximum payment is based upon 103.8% or greater achievement of the revenue goal and 106.2% or greater achievement of the non-GAAP operating margin goal. Under this scenario and assuming the NEOs individual goals were achieved, our NEOs would earn 200% of their respective Target payment.

 

(7)

The Performance Cash awards granted as part of the 2020 annual LTI award to our NEOs and other executive officers are subject to performance conditions based on the level of year-over-year revenue growth during the three-year performance period ending as of December 31, 2022, with cliff vesting in 2023. The Threshold payment is based upon 0.05% revenue growth each year from 2020 to 2022 compared to the prior year’s revenue; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 1% of their respective Target grant of Performance Cash awards. The Target payment is based upon 5% revenue growth each year from 2020 to 2022 compared to the prior year’s revenue; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 100% of their respective Target grant of Performance Cash awards. The Maximum payment is based upon 8% revenue growth or greater each year from 2020 to 2022 compared to the prior year’s revenue; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 200% of their respective Target grant of Performance Cash awards. If minimum performance levels are not achieved, payout could be zero.

 

(8)

The Performance RSUs granted as part of the 2020 annual LTI award to our NEOs and other executive officers are subject to performance conditions based on the level of improvement in non-GAAP operating margin during the three-year performance period ending as of December 31, 2022, with cliff vesting in 2023. The Threshold is based upon 1.5 basis points of improvement in non-GAAP operating margin compared to the 2019 baseline; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 1% of their respective Target grant of PRSUs. The Target is based upon 150 basis points of improvement in non-GAAP operating margin compared to the 2019 baseline; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 100% of their respective Target grant of PRSUs. The Maximum is based on 300 basis points or greater improvement in non-GAAP operating compared to the 2019 baseline; under this scenario, our NEOs would earn 200% of their respective Target grant of PRSUs. If minimum performance levels are not achieved, payout could be zero.

 

(9)

The RSUs granted as part of the 2020 annual LTI award to our NEOs and other executive officers are subject to time-based vesting, with cliff vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(10)

RSU awards subject to time-based vesting, with cliff vesting on January 1, 2023.

 

59    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


Outstanding Equity Awards at December 31, 2020

The following table sets forth information regarding outstanding equity awards held by our NEOs as of December 31, 2020.

 

    Option Awards        Stock Awards(1)  
Name  

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Exercisable

 

Number of

Securities

Underlying

Unexercised

Options (#)

Unexercisable

 

Option

Exercise

Price ($)

 

Option

Expiration

Date

      

Number of

Shares (#) or

Units of

Stock That

Have Not

Vested

 

Market Value

of Shares or

Units of

Stock That

Have Not

Vested(2) ($)

   

Equity

Incentive

Plan Awards:

Number of

Unearned

Shares (#),

Units or Other

Rights That

Have Not

Vested

 

Equity

Incentive

Plan Awards:

Market or

Payout Value

of Unearned

Shares, Units

or Other Rights

That Have Not

Vested ($)(2)

 
 

J. Christopher Barry

              68,484(3)   $ 3,857,704     79,102(4)   $ 4,455,816  
 

Matthew K. Harbaugh

              13,476(5)   $ 759,103     6,095(6)   $ 343,331  
 

Massimo Calafiore

              16,629(7)   $ 936,712     7,606(8)   $ 428,446  
 

Nathaniel B. Sisitsky

              12,719(9)   $ 716,461     6,360(10)   $ 358,259  
 

Lucas Vitale

              13,137(11)   $ 740,007     6,569(12)   $ 370,032  
 

Matthew W. Link

              56,357(13)   $ 3,174,590     18,147(14)   $ 1,022,221  

 

(1)

Information regarding potential acceleration of certain equity awards for the NEOs is provided under the heading “Potential Payments Upon Termination or Change in Control” below.

 

(2)

Computed by multiplying the number of shares underlying an RSU award or the target number of shares underlying a PRSU award by $56.33, the closing market price of our common stock on December 31, 2020.

 

(3)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 34,200 RSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to time-based vesting and will fully vest on March 1, 2022; and (ii) 34,284 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to time-based vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(4)

Represents PRSUs granted subject to multi-year performance conditions that have not yet been met, as follows: (i) 44,860 PRSUs granted on November 5, 2018, which are subject to vesting on November 5, 2021, subject to performance conditions during the three-year performance period ending as of September 30, 2021; (ii) 17,100 PRSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2019-2021; and (iii) 17,142 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022.

 

(5)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 1,286 RSUs granted on January 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on January 1, 2023; and (ii) 12,190 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(6)

Represents 6,095 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022.

 

(7)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 4,699 RSUs granted on April 30, 2018, subject to a non-GAAP EPS performance hurdle that has been satisfied and certified, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021; (ii) 1,419 RSUs granted on September 4, 2018, which are subject to time-based vesting on September 1, 2021; (iii) 5,558 RSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to time-based vesting on March 1, 2022; and (iv) 4,953 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to time-based vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(8)

Represents PRSUs granted subject to multi-year performance conditions that have not yet been met, as follows: (i) 2,779 PRSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2019-2021; and (ii) 2,477 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022. Also includes 2,350 PRSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2018-2020. As of December 31, 2020, the performance conditions had not yet been certified for these PRSUs. On February 10, 2021, the Committee certified performance for these PRSUs as to 21% of target. Accordingly, these PRSUs will vest as to 494 shares on April 30, 2021.

 

(9)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 2,256 RSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021; (ii) 5,130 RSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022; and (iii) 5,333 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

60    NuVasive, Inc.  |  2021 Proxy Statement  |  EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION


(10)

Represents PRSUs granted subject to multi-year performance conditions that have not yet been met, as follows: (i) 2,565 PRSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2019-2021; and (ii) 2,667 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022. Also includes 1,128 PRSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2018-2020. As of December 31, 2020, the performance conditions had not yet been certified for these PRSUs. On February 10, 2021, the Committee certified performance for these PRSUs as to 21% of target. Accordingly, these PRSUs will vest as to 237 shares on April 30, 2021.

 

(11)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 3,054 RSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021; (ii) 5,130 RSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022; and (iii) 4,953 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(12)

Represents PRSUs granted subject to multi-year performance conditions that have not yet been met, as follows: (i) 2,565 PRSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2019-2021; and (ii) 2,477 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022. Also includes 1,527 PRSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2018-2020. As of December 31, 2020, the performance conditions had not yet been certified for these PRSUs. On February 10, 2021, the Committee certified performance for these PRSUs as to 21% of target. Accordingly, these PRSUs will vest as to 321 shares on April 30, 2021.

 

(13)

Represents RSUs, as follows: (i) 11,277 RSUs granted on April 30, 2018, subject to a non-GAAP EPS performance hurdle that has been satisfied and certified, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021; (ii) 20,065 RSUs granted on December 3, 2018, which are subject to vesting on December 3, 2021; (iii) 12,825 RSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022; and (iv) 12,190 RSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023.

 

(14)

Represents PRSUs granted subject to multi-year performance conditions that have not yet been met, as follows: (i) 6,413 PRSUs granted on March 1, 2019, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2022, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2019-2021; and (ii) 6,095 PRSUs granted on March 2, 2020, which are subject to vesting on March 1, 2023, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2020-2022. Also includes 5,639 PRSUs granted on April 30, 2018, which are subject to vesting on April 30, 2021, subject to performance conditions over fiscal years 2018-2020. As of December 31, 2020, the performance conditions had not yet been certified for these PRSUs. On February 10, 2021, the Committee certified performance for these PRSUs as to 21% of target. Accordingly, these PRSUs will vest as to 1,185 shares on April 30, 2021.

2020 Option Exercises and Stock Vested

The following table sets forth information regarding RSUs and PRSUs that vested during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020. No options were exercised during the fiscal year ended December 31, 2020.

 

     Option Awards         Stock Awards  
Name   

Number of Shares

Acquired on Exercise (#)

  

Value Realized on

Exercise ($)

        Number of
Shares Acquired on
Vesting (#)